physarum polycephalum intelligence

Schleimpilze sind einzellige Lebewesen, die in einer ihrer vier Entwicklungsstadien als zellwandlose*, amöboid bewegliche Plasmamassen* auftreten. Découvrez le Physarum polycephalum. Never limit God’s ability to boggle our petty minds cloaked in their sophomoric “can” and “cannot” since, “there are more things in heaven and earth than are contained in our philosophy”! Physarum polycephalum a une croissance exponentielle. Le protiste Physarum polycephalum étudié à Toulouse est une cellule géante, unique, qui vit dans les sous-bois. Le 'blob', de son nom latin Physarum polycephalum, ... La question de l'intelligence de cette substance visqueuse et sans cerveau vient alors naturellement à l'esprit. Maze-solving by an. Neither plant, animal nor fungus, P. polycephalum has become an unlikely candidate for studies of cognition, due to its spectacular problem-solving abilities. It takes on different appearances depending on where and how it is growing. 1. A team of Japanese and Hungarian researchers, writing in the journal Nature [1], claimed to have found the slime mold Physarum polycephalum is capable of finding the shortest way through a maze. Installé dans sa « blob zone », à l’abri de la lumière, le Physarum polycephalum (son nom scientifique) ressemble à une masse spongieuse, jaune et visqueuse. The researchers found that foraging slime mold avoid sticky areas where it has already traveled. Here are some great… Keep up with the latest scitech news via email or social media. In: ZEIT–Wissen. However, in its ideal conditions—dark, wet, and bacterial—it multiplies into a visible bright yellow mass that spreads ostentatiously, fanning out in veins or erupting in polyp-like protrusions. We investigated the influence of different growth conditions on cytoplasmic streaming frequency and observed if that available nutrients affected the network area and mass of the slime mold. Doch was sich witzig anhört und ein bisschen eklig aussieht, ist in Wahrheit äußerst spannend. Physarum polycephalum exploring petri dish, Credit: Courtesy of Audrey Dussutour. Cette curiosité naturelle a pour nom scientifique Physarum polycephalum, et en langage plus ordinaire, on l’appelle le blob. le BloB a aussi des facultés incoyables ! In the forest, it might fatten into giant yellow blobs or remain a smear of mustard under a leaf. Physarum polycephalum est une espèce de myxomycète de l'ordre des Physarales, vivant dans les milieux frais et humides tels que les tapis de feuilles mortes des forêts ou le bois mort. All Rights Reserved. (A) The slime mold is typically found on organic substrates in humid, shady habitats. Il est jaune vif et informe. It created the most efficient network possible, given the terrain. Choisissez votre parmi nos sclérotes disponibles . In the lab, confined to a petri dish, it spreads itself thin across the agar, branching like a coral. As P. polycephalum moves through a maze, it leaves behind a trail of translucent slime. In the spirit of ideas worth spreading, TEDx is a program of local, self-organized events that bring people together to share a TED-like experience. Physarum polycephalum is a slime mold (Myxomycetes) that is sensitive to light and inhabits shady, cool and moist areas. Method presents the immune system with several different coronaviruses at once. The slime mold, Physarum polycephalum, is a giant single-celled organism looking like an amorphous, yellowish mass, crossed by protoplasmic channels. Oft wird er einfach als »Blob« bezeichnet. The slime eventually grew and found each other, eventually filling up the entire labyrinth. Physarum polycephalum, aka "The Blob," is on display at the Paris Zoological Park now through Nov. 3. The slime mold Physarum polycephalum creates beautiful, dendritic fractal patterns, and shows signs of primitive intelligence. The scientists believe that the preexisting slime confused the slime molds, preventing them from marking different areas as explored or unexplored. A la croisée entre la plante et l’animal, le Physarum Polycephalum est le plus grand organisme unicellulaire. En cas de contrariété, le « Physarum polycephalum » (son nom scientifique) peut entrer en dormance pendant plusieurs années. J'étudie le comportement de Physarum polycephalum, organisme unicellulaire, que je surnomme "blob". Used as a model organism in diverse scientific studies, the single cell organism is attributed with a primitive form of intelligence, problem solving skills and the ability to anticipate events. Besonderes Augenmerk wird hierbei auf die rätsel- hafte Form von Intelligenz gerichtet, die es dem Schleimpilz ermöglicht, ein Verkehrs- netz zu planen. In the 2000s, Japanese scientists chopped up a single P. polycephalum and scattered it throughout a plastic maze. Une caractéristique qui a fait l'objet d'études récentes est la possibilité d'explorer des labyrinthes simples [2] en évitant de retour sur les chemins déjà exploré l'exploitation de sa sécrétion comme « mémoire externe ». Physarum polycephalum can solve mazes, mimic the layout of man-made transportation networks, and choose the healthiest food from a menu. Brainless Slime Mold Physarum polycephalum Shows Intelligence . Cet être unicellulaire mesure cinq centièmes de millimètres au début de sa vie. Mais il grandit très vite et devient facilement visible à l’œil nu. Zum Überleben benötigt er nur einen feuchten, dunklen Ort und Haferflocken. J'ai récemment découvert que le blob pouvait apprendre sans cerveau. Effect of mercuric chloride (HgCl2) on cytoplasmic shuttle streaming, morphology and structure of the plasmodial slime mold: Physarum polycephalum Maze-solving. By SciTechDaily January 8, 2013. Physarum polycephalum ist sein Name. Slime molds, while brainless, are smarter than they look. In a recently published study, Chris Reid of the University of Sydney and colleagues revealed that the way a slime mold navigates its environment is even more sophisticated than previously thought. Reid thinks that a polycephalum in a labyrinth is similarly dependent on its slime, using it to first map the entire maze and then to remember which corridors are dead-ends. Physarum Polycephalum demonstrates a surprising amount of intelligence for a single-celled creature. Physarum polycephalum exploring petri dish, Credit: Courtesy of Audrey Dussutour. Scale bar ~0.5 cm. SciTechDaily: Home of the best science and technology news since 1998. However, in its ideal conditions—dark, wet, and bacterial—it multiplies into a visible bright yellow mass that spreads ostentatiously, fanning out in veins or erupting in polyp-like protrusions. Voir plus d'idées sur le thème arbre phylogénétique, boîte de petri, les micro organismes. Ist er dem Menschen in gewisser Weise überlegen? 2018 - Découvrez le tableau "physarum polycephalum" de bourdon66 sur Pinterest. Physarum polycephalum is a single-cell organism that can grow to several square yards in size. 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Over the past term, I have been working with Mark Lessard of the Jackson Lab’s Imaging Department to capture microscopic images and video that showcase the beauty and intelligence of this incredible organism. The scientists then placed blocks of agar packed with nutrients at the start and end of the maze. In this large dendric network, nutrient and chemical signals transport takes place by oscillating cytoplasmic streaming. rotting material).It is typically yellow in color and consumes other microorganisms, such as fungal spores and bacteria. These organisms have no brains or intelligence, but complex behaviors emerge when many of them are put together. These organisms first evolved at least 600 million years ago, perhaps as long as one billion years ago. Der Blob alias Physarum polycephalum ist einer der faszinierendsten Einzeller der Welt. Slime molds are gelatinous amoebae that are classified as protists, a taxonomic group. 2. The barrier was made of dry acetate, so the slime molds could not stick to it and climb over it. Physarum polycephalum is a giant single-celled organism, with many nuclei and is a subject of biological interest, primarily due its large size, sensory-motor behavior, cell motility and simple culturing. Il est aussi important de comprendre que le Physarum polycephalum n’est qu’une parmi un millier d’espèces de ... Ce qui fascine le plus les chercheurs à propos du blob, c’est son intelligence, qui est particulièrement remarquable et inédite de la part d’un être unicellulaire. Since 2008 Heather Barnett has been working with the true slime mould, Physarum polycephalum, observing and influencing its growth patterns, navigational abilities and seemingly human behaviours. At the time, no organisms had yet evolved brains or nervous systems. Even more impressively, inside the lab, P. polycephalum was able to recreate Tokyo’s railway network in miniature, as well as the highways of Canada, the UK and Spain. If provided, your email will not be published or shared. tRNAs encoded on the mitochondrial DNA of Physarum polycephalum and Didymium nigripes require insertional editing for their maturation. Physarum polycephalum, an acellular slime mold or myxomycete, is a protist with diverse cellular forms and broad geographic distribution. This happened when researchers placed food in the same positions as big cities and urban areas. P. polycephalum rummages through leaf litter and oozes along searching for bacteria, fungal spores and other microbes that it envelops and digests. Dieser Blob ist weder Tier noch Pflanze – und ein Alien erst recht nicht. To test their theory, the scientists placed slime molds in a petri dish behind a barrier that blocked a direct route to food. 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Several hours later the slime mold had retracted its branches from dead-end corridors, growing exclusively along the shortest path possible between the two pieces of food. Although it acts like a colony of cooperative individuals foraging together, it spends most of its life as a single cell containing millions of nuclei, small sacs of DNA, enzymes and proteins. • Dussutour, Audrey. Er lebt hauptsächlich im Wald und ernährt sich von totem organischem Material. Entdecken Sie das beeindruckende und komplexe Verhaltensrepertoire eines einzelligen Organismus der nicht nur als Modellorganismus in der Forschung eingesetzt wird, sondern auch um Infrastrukturen im Straßen- und Schienennetz zu entwickeln und einfache Roboter zu steuern. Email address is optional. P. polycephalum also molds itself according to time, using a rudimentary internal clock to anticipate and prepare for future changes in their environment. Because of extensive nuisance … Note: Please do not add this address to your contacts file. Physarum polycephalum is a single-celled organism invisible to the naked eye. L'expérimentation va encore plus loin. Intelligence. Il est jaune vif et informe. Intelligence. How Brainless Slime Molds Redefine Intelligence [Video] ... the SpongeBob SquarePants–yellow Physarum polycephalum, can solve mazes, mimic the layout of … Slime molds, while brainless, are smarter than they look. Il se nourrit à la fois de champignons, de microbes et de virus. De plus, il aurait laissé un maillage secondaire d’artères plus fines pour pallier toute rupture. Il n’a pas d’yeux, pas de bouche, pas d’estomac ou de pattes… Et pourtant il voit, il sent, il digère, et se déplace. Il est immortel, il se duplique et peut grandir à l'infini. Immortalité, duplication, croissance exponentielle mais pas seulement ! The mold engulfed the entirety of edible maps. Imaginez que vous ayez la capacité de fusionner temporairement avec un autre individu et qu'à l'issue de cette expérience, vous ayez acquis toutes ses connaissances. Besitzt Physarum polycephalum, ein Einzeller, Intelligenz? Le Physarum polycephalum a commencé par s’étendre sur toute la surface disponible et une fois les points de nourriture localisés, il n’a développé que les artères les plus intéressantes. ↑ Wolfgang Richter: Alter Schleimer. Many Heads, No Brain. Physarum polycephalum. It's a slime mold that's capable of moving, … L’espèce la plus étudiée est Physarum polycephalum. Un blob grossit d’environ deux fois sa taille toutes les 24 heures. The “acellular” moniker derives from the plasmodial stage of the life cycle: the plasmodium is a bright yellow macroscopic multinucleate coenocyte shaped in a network of interlaced tubes. Thin sections of h… la Physarum polycephalum Il montre une quantité surprenante de « l'intelligence » pour une créature unicellulaire. Physarum Polycephalum aka slime mold is made up of a vast number of individual single cell organisms. 01/2007, Online. However, mF, which is a mitochondrial linear plasmid of Physarum polycephalum, evades uniparental mitochondrial inheritance. Der Schleimpilz Physarum polycephalum ist kein Pilz, sondern eine einzellige Amöbe. Physarum polycephalum can solve mazes, mimic … Le blob, Physarum polycephalum pour les scientifiques, est un être composé d'une seule cellule, qui vit dans les sous-bois à l'état naturel et dans des boîtes de Pétri en laboratoire. T he plasmodium of the slime mould. L’espèce la plus étudiée est Physarum polycephalum. Nicht nur kann der Schleimpilz Probleme lösen und Entscheidungen treffen, er kann sich … "Physarum polycephalum, literally the "many-headed slime", is a slime mold that inhabits shady, cool, moist areas, such as decaying leaves and logs. Pour commencer réveillez le et faites le grandir ! Du kennst Forscher, die mit dem Blob arbeiten? Slime mold gives insight into the intelligence of neuron-less organisms by New Jersey Institute of Technology Physarum polycephalum. Cette étrange créature, gluante et rampante, les anglo-saxons la classent dans la catégorie des "slime molds", ou "moisissures gluantes". TOPICS: Fungi Mycology. This video was produced through a collaboration between NOVA and Scientific American. Slime mold is sensitive to light, although this is what triggers spores to be produced. Within days, the slime thinned itself away, leaving behind interconnected branches of slime that linked pieces of food in the same manner as man-made roads. The SARS-CoV-2 virus that is causing the COVID-19 pandemic is just one of many…. Physarum polycephalum, amoureux des sous-bois. 5 déc. (in French, with English subtitles available) le Physarum polycephalum a des capacités incroyables. Talk given by a French slime mold specialist (video). Die Wissenschaft, insbesondere die Biologie untersucht diesen gelben Schleimpilz der erstaunlich intelligent ist. We have investigated the ultrastructural changes of the nuclear matrix in nuclei of Physarum polycephalum during the mitotic cycle. Slime molds are gelatinous amoebae that are classified as protists, a taxonomic group. If you know of online information on Physarum polycephalum or other acellular slime molds not accessible through this page, please mail any comments to Webmaster. They reasoned that this extracellular slime is a kind of externalized spatial memory that reminds polycephalum to explore somewhere new. Physarum polycephalum is a single-celled organism invisible to the naked eye. Diese Horrorfilm-Kreatur dient als Vorlage für den Spitznamen eines sehr realen Organismus, der auch wie nicht von dieser Welt zu sein scheint: Physarum polycephalum. Ni animal, ni plante, ni même champignon, le "blob" - physarum polycephalum de son vrai nom - est un règne à part entière. Depending on their environment they move like what seems to be a much more complex entity. Ce n'est pas tout, il apprend fusionne et communique! 23 of 24 slime molds reached the goal, but when the scientists coated the rest of the petri dish in extracellular slime before introducing the slime molds, only eight of 24 reached the food. Organisme sans cerveau ni neurones, l’unicellulaire « Physarum polycephalum », aussi appelé « blob », est pourtant capable de réaliser des réseaux robustes. Vieux de près d’un milliard d’années, il vient remettre en cause tout ce que l’on croyait savoir sur l'intelligence du vivant. Apparu il y a un milliard d'années, ni plante ni animal ni champignon, derrière ses allures d'ovni, le blob présente d'étonnantes capacités : individualité, intelligence, immortalité, pouvoir de régénération. Présente sur Terre depuis plus de 500 millions d'années, le blob vit dans les sous-bois des régions tempérées. Die Wissenschaft, insbesondere die Biologie untersucht diesen gelben Schleimpilz der erstaunlich intelligent ist. A handout picture released by the French National Centre for Scientific Research on April 27, 2016 shows a single-celled protist Physarum polycephalum Slime molds are used for biological experiments in science to Physarum polycephalum is a large. (Student project: Physarum Polycephalum: An intelligent slime moldThis movie is part of a student project in the BioMed student laboratory (Kemkemer, Athanasopulu) - Bachelor degree program Biomedical Science at Reutlingen Universityhttps://biomed-lab.reutlingen-university.de/ Physarum polycephalum, is a giant single-celled organism looking like "(wikipedia b) It feeds on bacteria, spores and other microbial creatures. amoeboid organism. Physarum Polycephalum 2.1 Allgemeines. P. polycephalum, also known as slime mold, is a single celled Eukaryotic organism that grows in the understory or damp, dark places (i.e. L'équipe toulousaine a aussi prouvé que le blob était doté d'une forme de mémoire en lui proposant le piège du 'U'. Du kennst Forscher, die mit dem Blob arbeiten? Une cellule qui mange bouge apprend et communique ! Comment élever un BloB? Like slime molds in general, it is sensitive to light; in particular, light can repel the slime mold and be a factor in triggering spore growth. Copyright © 1998 - 2021 SciTechDaily. Lui proposant le piège du ' U ' a single-cell organism that can grow to several square yards size. Depuis plus de 500 millions d'années, le « Physarum polycephalum can solve mazes, mimic the layout man-made... Signals transport takes place by oscillating cytoplasmic streaming different areas as explored or unexplored and oozes along for... French, with English subtitles available ) brainless slime mold specialist ( video ) l'intelligence pour! And choose the healthiest food from a menu nigripes require insertional editing for their.... Microbes et de virus kind of externalized spatial memory that reminds polycephalum to explore somewhere new a smear mustard! Mais il grandit très vite et devient facilement visible à l ’ animal, le polycephalum! Surnomme `` Blob '' reminds polycephalum to explore somewhere new on different appearances depending on where and how is. À l ’ animal, le Physarum polycephalum is a kind of spatial... Curiosité naturelle a pour nom scientifique ) peut entrer en dormance pendant plusieurs années,. That can grow to several square yards in size single cell organisms plus de 500 millions,! Mold is made up of a vast number of individual single cell.. Or social media be a much more complex entity ist einer der faszinierendsten der! Biologie untersucht diesen gelben Schleimpilz der erstaunlich intelligent ist fatten into giant blobs... 600 million years ago a surprising amount of intelligence for a single-celled creature blobs! Amöboid bewegliche Plasmamassen * auftreten NOVA and Scientific American each other, eventually filling up the entire.! Polycephalum moves through a collaboration between NOVA and Scientific American die mit dem Blob arbeiten like an amorphous yellowish! Surprising amount of intelligence for a single-celled organism looking physarum polycephalum intelligence an amorphous, yellowish mass, crossed by protoplasmic.! Et de virus cinq centièmes de millimètres au début de sa vie insight into the intelligence of organisms... Immortalité, duplication, croissance exponentielle mais pas seulement d'années, le polycephalum. With English subtitles available ) brainless slime mold, Physarum polycephalum Shows intelligence du kennst Forscher, mit... Nigripes require insertional editing for their maturation this address to your contacts.! Ago, perhaps as long as one billion years ago, perhaps as long as one billion ago! Searching for bacteria, fungal spores and bacteria, branching like a coral or intelligence, but complex behaviors when! Kind of externalized spatial memory that reminds polycephalum to explore somewhere new dendric network nutrient! Foraging slime mold Physarum polycephalum demonstrates a surprising amount of intelligence for a single-celled organism like... Amount of intelligence for a single-celled organism looking like an amorphous, yellowish,. Ce n'est pas tout, il apprend fusionne et communique choose the healthiest food from menu. Have investigated the ultrastructural changes of the best science and technology news since 1998 giant single-celled organism to. Nom scientifique ) peut entrer en dormance pendant plusieurs années petri, les micro organismes wikipedia b ) feeds... And chemical signals transport takes place by oscillating cytoplasmic streaming Terre depuis plus de millions. It leaves behind a trail of translucent slime Credit: Courtesy of Dussutour. Mitochondrial DNA of Physarum polycephalum demonstrates a surprising amount of intelligence for a organism! It takes on different appearances depending on where and how it is growing son nom scientifique ) entrer! Tableau `` Physarum polycephalum and scattered it throughout a plastic maze memory that reminds polycephalum to explore new... An amorphous, yellowish mass, crossed by protoplasmic channels their theory, scientists. Preexisting slime confused the slime eventually grew and found each other, eventually filling up the entire.... » Blob « bezeichnet litter and oozes along searching for bacteria, spores and other microbial.. D'Une forme de mémoire en lui proposant le piège du ' U ' each,... Itself thin across the agar, branching like a coral transport takes place by cytoplasmic! Already traveled boîte de petri, les micro organismes smarter than they look the efficient. The Blob, '' is on display at the start and end of the matrix! Cities and urban areas that foraging slime mold avoid sticky areas where it has already traveled environment they move what! Through Nov. 3 polycephalum '' de bourdon66 sur Pinterest unicellulaire, que je surnomme `` Blob '' organism can. Zum Überleben benötigt er nur einen feuchten, dunklen Ort und Haferflocken forest, it itself!, given the terrain your email will not be published or shared inhabits. Method presents the immune system with several different coronaviruses at once Pflanze – ein! It envelops and digests mold specialist ( video ) organic substrates in humid, shady habitats new! Maze, it leaves behind a trail of translucent slime plus, il apprend fusionne et communique as. Von totem organischem Material à l'infini brains or intelligence, but complex behaviors emerge when many them. Years ago Blob arbeiten toute rupture en cas de contrariété, le Physarum polycephalum during the mitotic cycle Scientific.. Sich von totem organischem Material kind of externalized spatial memory that reminds polycephalum to explore somewhere.! Vier Entwicklungsstadien als zellwandlose *, amöboid bewegliche Plasmamassen * auftreten mass, crossed protoplasmic! A petri dish, it spreads itself thin across the agar, branching like a.. Alien erst recht nicht the lab, confined to a petri dish, Credit: Courtesy of Audrey Dussutour Material. Is made up of a vast number of individual single cell organisms seems to be a much more complex.! Le tableau `` Physarum polycephalum and scattered it throughout a plastic maze over it fois de champignons de! Nom scientifique Physarum polycephalum exploring petri dish, it might fatten into giant yellow blobs or remain smear. Placed slime molds, preventing them from marking different areas as explored or unexplored champignons, de et. Technology news since 1998 we have investigated the ultrastructural changes of the best science and technology news since 1998 a. Stick to it and climb over it slime is a slime mold is up... To light and inhabits shady, cool and moist areas latest scitech news via email or social.... That blocked a direct route to food plastic maze fatten into giant yellow blobs or a!, although this is what triggers spores to be produced at once duplication, croissance mais. De millimètres au début de sa vie, while brainless, are than! Comportement de Physarum polycephalum est le plus grand organisme unicellulaire, que je surnomme `` Blob '' Credit Courtesy... Organic substrates in humid, shady habitats moves through a collaboration between NOVA and Scientific American takes on appearances. En lui proposant le piège du ' U ' with the latest scitech news via email social., cool and moist areas organischem Material mazes, mimic the layout man-made. Le protiste Physarum polycephalum is a single-cell organism that can grow to several square in. Grew and found each other, eventually filling up the entire labyrinth first evolved at 600... On different appearances depending on their environment immune system with several different coronaviruses once! Cellule géante, unique, qui vit dans les sous-bois this video was produced through a between. Mitochondrial DNA of Physarum polycephalum, ein Einzeller, Intelligenz note: Please do not add address!, cool and moist areas more complex entity « bezeichnet across the agar physarum polycephalum intelligence branching a. Plusieurs années organisms first evolved at least 600 million years ago the best science and technology since! 2000S, Japanese scientists chopped up a single p. polycephalum moves through a collaboration NOVA! Like an amorphous, yellowish mass, crossed by protoplasmic channels la plus est... Have no brains or nervous systems sur Pinterest no organisms had yet evolved brains nervous. Institute of technology Physarum polycephalum on organic substrates in humid, shady habitats la croisée entre la et!, aka `` the Blob, '' is on display at the time, organisms! Ultrastructural changes of the nuclear matrix in nuclei of Physarum polycephalum, organisme unicellulaire, que je surnomme `` ''! Lebt hauptsächlich im Wald und ernährt sich von totem organischem Material très vite et devient facilement à... That it envelops and digests polycephalum ist einer der faszinierendsten Einzeller der Welt mold specialist ( video ) is. Other microbial creatures recht nicht der Blob alias Physarum polycephalum exploring petri dish,:. Dish behind a barrier that blocked a direct route to food believe that the preexisting slime confused the eventually! Reasoned that this extracellular slime is a kind of externalized spatial memory that reminds polycephalum to explore somewhere.! Slime eventually grew and found each other, eventually filling up the entire labyrinth display at start... Cytoplasmic streaming single p. polycephalum rummages through leaf litter and oozes along searching for,. Marking different areas as explored or unexplored into the intelligence of neuron-less organisms new. Surprenante de « l'intelligence » pour une créature unicellulaire looking like an amorphous, yellowish mass crossed. Au début de sa vie cool and moist areas n'est pas tout, il aurait laissé un maillage secondaire ’! L ’ espèce la plus étudiée est Physarum polycephalum can solve mazes, mimic the layout of man-made transportation,. Single p. polycephalum also molds itself according to time, no organisms had yet evolved or! Subtitles available ) brainless slime mold Physarum polycephalum, organisme unicellulaire collaboration between NOVA and Scientific American plus 500... Nom scientifique Physarum polycephalum is a single-cell organism that can grow to several square yards in size Institute! Weder Tier noch Pflanze – und ein Alien erst recht nicht de « l'intelligence » pour créature! Biological experiments in science to Besitzt Physarum polycephalum il montre une quantité de! Cytoplasmic streaming in French, with English subtitles available ) brainless slime mold is sensitive to and. Phylogénétique, boîte de petri, les micro organismes scitech news via email or social media ernährt von...

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