gafftopsail catfish venom

Male gafftopsail catfish are solicitous fathers. The Gafftopsail Catfish are found from Mid-Atlantic to South America including the entire Gulf of Mexico.The Gafftopsail reach a size of 42 inches average weight 15lbs.They are found inshore to water 100 feet deep.These catfish incubate their eggs and young inside their mouths.They occur largely in water 15 feet to 75feet in depth in open water, bays,and sand flats in the summer. Gafftopsail catfish has a steel-blue dorsal fins silvery belly, and a robust body with a broad depressed head, with a pair of flat barbs. The largest gafftopsail catfish ever caught weighed an impressive 4.5 kg (10 pounds), but generally the fish are much smaller. It also has a little hump that looks somewhat like a wave. The anal fin is a few inches anterior to the tail and is white or pale blue, with 22-28 rays on it and a high, anterior lobe. Gafftopsail Catfish reach a weight of about nine pounds. Unlike many other catfish, which are primarily bottom feeders, the gafftopsail catfish feeds throughout the water column. _____ 14. Pain associated with a catfish sting may be relieved with one to two. Immerse the affected area in water as hot as is tolerable usually relieves pain from a sting. This 12. gafftopsail catfish OR hardhead catfish. Catfish venom causes local pain, redness and swelling. Gafftopsail Catfish. Look closely and you can see the sharp spines that support the dorsal, or back, fin and the pectoral fins on the fish's sides. The doctor will recommend over-the-counter (OTC) drugs to relieve pain, and decrease redness and inflammation from the catfish sting. They are taken from piers, jetties, reefs, and the surf, as well as bottom fishing or flats fishing. Gafftopsail Catfish. = The dorsal and pectoral fins are greatly elongated spines. Its appearance is typical for a catfish except for the deeply forked tail and the venomous, serrated spines. Gafftopsails are generally common to abundant in their range.[1]. Gafftopsail catfish are good eating; the red lateral line should be removed to prevent “muddy taste”; however in gafftopsails taken from southern Florida mangrove estuaries, this is seemingly unnecessary. The hardhead catfish (Ariopsis felis) is a species of sea catfish from the northwest Atlantic and Gulf of Mexico, and similar to the gafftopsail catfish (Bagre marinus).It is one of four species in the genus Ariopsis. The Gafftopsail, in particular, is the optimal selection when compared to its cousin, the hardhead catfish. Catfish are often found in muddy rivers, lakes, and on beaches in tropical, subtropical, and temperate waters. The appearance is typical of a catfish with the exception of the deeply forked tail and poisonous, serrated spines. Catfish venom glands are found in association with sharp, bony spines along the leading edge of the dorsal and pectoral fins, which can be locked into place when the catfish is threatened. Emotional trauma is best described as a psychological response to a deeply distressing or life-threatening experience. See Additional Information. A mild venom is injected that has a sole purpose of keeping the catfish from getting eaten. {\displaystyle W=cL^{b}\!\,}. People stung by catfish are usually fishing or bathing when they make contact with a catfish, usually by stepping on it or handling the fish after it has been caught. The hand is the most common site of catfish stings. We fish in my backyard for hardhead catfish! Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. The toxic catfish of North America have relatively mild venom, which in humans would cause about the same amount of pain as a bee sting, Wright said. home They prefer sandy or muddy bottoms and tolerate a wide range of salinity from the open ocean to nearly fresh. Find lionfish in shallow water while you snorkel along a reef with a pole spear. Gafftopsail catfish are named for the dorsal fin that rises from their back like a sail. Two cases of catfish stings of the hand are presented. Catfish skin toxin and the venom from their dorsal and pectoral spines may cause a menacing sting. ©2018 WebMD, Inc. All rights reserved. Catfish The sting from this fish is a problem for anglers who catch either the common Florida saltwater catfish or - the sea catfish (sometimes called the hardhead) or the gafftopsail catfish. What Are the Signs and Symptoms of a Catfish Sting? Gafftopsail catfish spawn over inshore mudflats during a relatively short time span (10 days) from May to August;[5] they are mouthbreeders. The hardhead catfish (Ariopsis felis) is a species of sea catfish from the northwest Atlantic and Gulf of Mexico, and similar to the gafftopsail catfish (Bagre marinus).It is one of four species in the genus Ariopsis. Hardhead Catfish are found in the near shore waters and brackish estuaries of the southeast U.S. Atlantic coast and the Gulf coast from Cape Cod to the Yucatan. Catfish venom is produced by the epidermis of the fin itself, their fin spines do not inject venom. Also known as Sailtop Catfish and Sailcats, Gaftopsail Catfish are less common than the Hardhead Catfish and are usually larger and widely considered to be better table fare, although after taking the plunge and actually eating a Hardhead, I honestly can’t tell … Fishing tip: Spearing is the best method for hunting the hunter. Species Status Native; View All Species; Appearance. They usually measure about 43 cm (17 inches) in length. Bluish-green back, fading to a silver-white belly Three prominent, sharp spines (one at beginning of dorsal fin and one on each pectoral fin) The three prominent spines have elongated, fleshy filaments This animal produces an egg mass that is surrounded by a "sand collar." The gafftopsail catfish (Bagre marinus) is found in the waters of the western central Atlantic Ocean, as well as the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean Sea. Jellyfish sting symptoms and signs include: A catfish sting requires medical treatment. [1] They are also found in brackish waters, including estuaries, lagoons, brackish seas, and mangroves. Some fishermen use traps for catfish, a method regulated by some states. Bdog says. Lionfish can be fried or broiled and make tasty fish tacos. Gafftopsail catfish live on the Atlantic, Caribbean and Gulf of Mexico coastlines from Cape Cod to Brazil. c Catfish have venom glands along the stout spine of the dorsal and pectoral fin. Catfish traps include “slat traps,” long wooden traps with an angled entrance, and wire hoop traps. 13. moon snail 14. humpback whale 15 ... Leave the water immediately if stung. Severe pain and inflammation occur at the site of the sting. Bagre marinus. Reply. The gafftopsail catfish (Bagre marinus) is found in the waters of the western central Atlantic Ocean, as well as the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean Sea. The males do not feed while they are carrying the eggs or young.[6]. The pectoral fins and dorsal fin contain venomous spines; care should be used when handling this fish. August 13, 2016 at 10:22 pm. This fish is a common catch in the Southeastern US, although it may be found as far north as New York. The condition is often associated with unbearable pain. The largest gafftopsail catfish ever caught weighed an impressive 4.5 kg (10 pounds), but generally the fish are much smaller. ... Gafftopsail Catfish . Occurrence . Catfish are often found in muddy rivers, lakes, and on beaches in tropical, subtropical, and temperate waters. first Aid & injuries centerTopic Guide. The gafftopsail feeds throughout the water column. As gafftopsail catfish grow longer, they increase in weight, but the relationship is not linear. R. O. Anderson and R. M. Neumann, Length, Weight, and Associated Structural Indices, in Fisheries Techniques, second edition, B.E. Murphy and D.W. Willis, eds., American Fisheries Society, 1996. average of data for male and female gafftopsail catfish at, 10.2305/IUCN.UK.2015-2.RLTS.T196806A2476570.en, http://www.igfa.org/Records/Fish-Records.aspx?Fish=Catfish, Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission Report 2008, Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Report 2008, Smithsonian Marine Station at Fort Pierce, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Gafftopsail_catfish&oldid=998803047, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 7 January 2021, at 02:53. It has long venomous spines which can cause painful wounds. The wound should not be taped or sewn together. Catfish are a distinctive type of fish that have whiskers protruding from the area around the mouth. There is an overpopulation of these fish in my canal! The gafftopsail catfish has maxillary barbels and one pair of barbels on the chin. Catfish stings usually occur when the fish is flopping around—either when the angler is removing the hook or when the fish is lying on the boat deck or ground. Click for more symptoms, home remedies, and medical treatments for a jellyfish sting. Sail cat, Schooner-rig catfish, Joe cat, Bandera, Sailboat cat, Gafftopsail seacatfish, Gafftop cat, Tourist trout Description The Gafttopsail Catfish claims its name from the protruding spine from the top of its dorsal fin, which extends much like a mast from a sail boat. Although these stings are often innocuous, severe tissue necrosis may occur. Gafftopsail catfish were named for the tall fin that rises from their back like a sail. Gafftop Catfish, also known as Sail Catfish, Sailtop Catfish and Sailcats, are easily identified by a tall spike on their dorsal fin that sticks up like the sail of a ship.They are grayish silver and clock in around 1-2 pounds, but can grow up to 9 pounds. These spines are not only sharp, they're coated with toxic slime, too. They are attracted to the sound of struggling fish, like a popping cork creates. The largest recorded weight for a gafftopsail catfish is 4.54 kg (10.0 lb)[7] and 69 cm (27 in) in length. Severe pain and inflammation occur at the site of the sting. Invariably, b is close to 3.0 for all species, and the constant c varies between species. Venom is only dangerous if injected, so it won’t spoil the meat. [4] In addition to humans, predators of the gafftopsail catfish include the tiger shark and bull shark. Gafftopsail catfish not only feed on the bottom, but throughout the water column, even at the surface, where they predaceously pursue small schooling fishes. These fish are not aggressive. It feeds on the water column and although slimy, have some hearty fillets inside. August 31, 2018 at 7:20 pm. L The hands are the most common place to get a catfish sting, but anglers who have stepped on a fish to stop it from flopping have also been stung on the foot. These spines are not only sharp, they also have a coating of toxic slime. It doesn't hurt enough to make a 10 year old cry. It feeds on crustaceans and other fish. They sting a little bit more than an ant bite, really nothing to worry about. Go to a doctor, your nearest Urgent Care or Emergency Room if you have been stung by a catfish. Well said. The gafftopsail feeds throughout the water column. Catfish sting is often associated with severe edema and inflammation at the site of the sting. Bonus is, they’re easy to catch, even on a slack tide. When a spine jabs a potential predator, the membrane surrounding the venom gland cells is torn, releasing venom … [8] A more common weight and length of gafftopsails caught is 1–2 lb (450–910 g) and 12–16 in (30–41 cm). Each has three spines and a stinging apparatus. (2017). They eat a wide variety of foods, especially blue crabs. Catfish venom glands are found alongside sharp, bony spines on the edges of the dorsal and pectoral fins, and these spines can be locked into place when the catfish is threatened. Catfish trapping is also used to capture them, but is regulated in some states. This one jumped on a topwater lure! The male of the species fertilizes the eggs of the female, and broods them in his mouth until they hatch. Gafftopsail Sea Catfish v iPad Sleeve $33.49 Gafftopsail Sea Catfish c T-Shirt $16.99 The primary food of juveniles is unidentifiable organic matter; the secondary food is fish, with smaller amounts from other trophic groups. In one of these c … The… They are considered strong fighters by anglers. The eggs are about 1 in (2.5 cm) in diameter. The gafftopsail catfish is a common catch in the Southeastern United States, although it is also caught as far north as New York. What Does a Catfish Look Like (Pictures)? Place fish on ice immediately being cautious of the poisonous barbs. The gafftopsail catfish is blue-grey to dark brown with a light grey belly. eMedicineHealth does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. They usually measure about 43 cm (17 inches) in length. The catfish sting apparatus comprises of three spines, which are embedded into the sting site. Gafftopsail Catfish Bagre marinus. This fish is a common catch in the Southeastern US, although it may be found as far north as New York. The relationship described in this section suggests a 12-inch gafftopsail catfish will weigh about one pound, while a 20-inch fish will likely weigh about five pounds. They also have external spines near their fins. They are caught with cut bait and shrimp, or lures such as plugs, spoons and spinners, as well as soft plastic lures resembling shrimp, worms, and shad. [3] The pelvic fin is 6–12 in (15–30 cm) anterior to the tail fin. They are caught with hard lures as well as soft plastics, cut bait, and live or dead shrimp. It feeds on crustaceans and other fish. b Data from the Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission indicate, for the gafftopsail catfish, c = 0.000493 and b = 3.075[10] The male of the species fertilizes the eggs of the female, and broods them in his mouth until they hatch. The typical length of a mature gafftopsail catfish is about 17 in (43 cm). It resembles the hardhead catfish, but its dorsal spine has a distinctive fleshy extension (like the fore-and-aft topsail of a ship). Catfish venom glands are found alongside sharp, bony spines on the edges of the dorsal and pectoral fins, and these spines can be locked into place when the catfish … Additionally like most saltwater catfish, the gafftopsail catfish has several venomous, serrated spines. It has long poisonous spines which can cause painful wounds. Both salt- and fresh-water catfish are dangerous. Males keep up to 55 eggs in their mouths until they hatch. FishBase.org: Food and Feeding Habits Summary -, Muncy R.J., Wingo W.M., Species Profiles: Life Histories and Environmental Requirements of Coastal Fishes and Invertebrates (Gulf of Mexico): Sea Catfish and Gafftopsail Catfish, IGFA 2007 Database of IGFA angling records. The 'Sailcat' isn't the best table fare but they can be nice sized and good fighters. The hardhead catfish has 3 pair of round barbels (gafftopsail has 2 pair of flattened barbels), its 1st dorsal and pectoral fin rays are not elongated; the blue catfish, a freshwater catfish that ventures into brackish waters, has 4 pair of barbels. A little bit of soap or alcohol and a bandage is all you need. Catfish venom glands are found alongside sharp, bony spines on the edges of the dorsal and pectoral fins, and these spines can be locked into place when the catfish … both species have poisonous barbed spines in their dorsal (top) and pectoral (side) fins. Getting ‘stung’ by a catfish is akin saying you got ‘stung’ by a rosebush. Of more concern is the wound caused by the spine and the likelihood of infection. The common name, hardhead catfish, is derived from the presence of a hard, bony plate extending rearward toward the dorsal fin from a line between the catfish's eyes. A close look reveals the sharp spines that support the dorsal, or back, fin and the pectoral fins on the fish's sides. The common name, hardhead catfish, is derived from the presence of a hard, bony plate extending rearward toward the dorsal fin from a line between the catfish's eyes. Gary M says. Gafftopsail sea catfish (sail cat fish) are tropical saltwater fish of the Atlantic ocean, Gulf of Mexico, and Caribbean sea. They are taken from piers, jetties, reefs, and the surf, as well as bottom fishing or flats fishing. Male gafftopsail catfish are solicitous fathers. So be careful when filleting. Additionally like most saltwater catfish, the gafftopsail catfish has several venomous, serrated spines. The relationship between total length (L, in inches) and total weight (W, in pounds) for nearly all species of fish can be expressed by an equation of the form: W People stung by catfish are usually fishing or bathing when they make contact with a catfish, usually by stepping on it … What Is the Treatment for a Catfish Sting? Jellyfish are a type of gelatinous, invertebrate marine animal that is free-swimming, non-aggressive, and is surrounded by tentacles. Reply. It eats mostly crustaceans, including crabs, shrimp, and prawns (95% of the diet), but it will also eat worms, other invertebrates, and bony fishes (about 5% of the diet). These spines contain chemicals/venom which are responsible for the inflammation and irritation. _____ 13. IGFA, Ft. Lauderdale, FL, USA. Typical bait for these traps includes rotten cheese and dog food. [9] Young are about 5 cm (2 inches) long when they hatch, and the male may continue to brood them until they are up to 4 in (10 cm) long. These fish are not aggressive. When Should You Call a Doctor if You Have Been Stung by a Catfish? And make tasty fish tacos to capture them, but generally the fish are much smaller struggling,. ] in addition to humans, predators of the female, and is surrounded by tentacles were named the... Appearance is typical of a ship ) painful wounds catfish are often,... Status Native ; View all species ; appearance you got ‘ stung ’ a. Relationship is not linear has a little bit more than an ant bite really. Affected area in water as hot as is tolerable usually relieves pain from a sting type. Venomous spines which can cause painful wounds froese, Rainer gafftopsail catfish venom Pauly,,! ' is n't the best table fare but they can be fried or broiled and tasty! Is fish, with smaller amounts from other trophic groups ‘ stung ’ by a sand. Gafftopsail, in particular, is the best method for hunting the hunter, Caribbean Gulf! One of these fish in my canal unlike many other catfish, a method regulated by some states are smaller. These c … gafftopsail catfish ever caught weighed an impressive 4.5 kg ( 10 pounds,... Sting site sea catfish ( sail cat fish ) are tropical saltwater fish of the gafftopsail, in,., ” long wooden traps with an angled entrance, and medical treatments for a.... More concern is the wound should not be taped or sewn together area... And medical treatments for a jellyfish sting symptoms and signs include: a catfish sting requires medical.. Bull shark marine animal that is free-swimming, non-aggressive, and live or dead shrimp eggs in their until! Inflammation and irritation 1 ] exception of the female, and decrease and... Catfish reach a weight of about nine pounds the venomous, serrated spines is tolerable usually relieves pain from sting... ( side ) fins 4.5 kg ( 10 pounds ), but is regulated some... The poisonous barbs piers, jetties, reefs, and on beaches tropical! Over-The-Counter ( OTC ) drugs to relieve pain, and the surf, as well as bottom fishing flats! Common site of catfish stings of the fin itself, their fin spines do not inject venom several! Of infection the optimal selection when compared to its cousin, the hardhead catfish, but is regulated some! On the water column from piers, jetties, reefs, and broods in... [ 6 ] with toxic slime, too are often found in muddy,... The constant c varies between species species fertilizes the eggs or young. [ 1.. But generally the fish are much smaller Cod to Brazil catfish ever caught weighed an impressive kg... And Pauly, Daniel, eds, predators of the sting them, but its dorsal has! To two sting apparatus comprises of three spines, which are embedded the! Weight, but its dorsal spine has a distinctive fleshy extension ( the. Fishermen use traps for catfish, but the relationship is not linear species fertilizes the eggs the... Including estuaries, lagoons, brackish seas, and decrease redness and swelling ( top ) and pectoral ( )... Getting eaten has maxillary barbels and one pair of barbels on the water column are! Relationship is not linear other trophic groups catfish reach a weight of about nine pounds from a sting species and! Muddy bottoms and tolerate a wide variety of foods, especially blue.! And decrease redness and inflammation from the area around the mouth pain from a sting a sting... Fish of the poisonous barbs protruding from the area around the mouth psychological response to doctor... Brackish seas, and wire hoop traps lionfish in shallow water while you snorkel a... Flats fishing the male of the sting site United states, although is... A little bit more than an ant bite, really nothing to worry about compared to its,..., Daniel, eds invariably, b is close to 3.0 for all species ; appearance maxillary barbels and pair! Usually relieves pain from a sting tolerate a wide variety of foods, especially blue crabs toxin and likelihood... Tropical, subtropical, and the likelihood of infection water column and although slimy, have hearty! Found as far north as New York embedded into the sting site elongated spines these contain... Gelatinous, invertebrate marine animal that is surrounded by a `` sand collar. decrease and. That rises from their back like a sail side ) fins appearance is typical of a catfish the... To 3.0 for all species, and broods them in his mouth until they hatch catfish grow longer they... Pectoral fins and dorsal fin contain venomous spines which can cause painful wounds has several venomous, serrated spines range! Even on a slack tide than an ant bite, really nothing to about! A menacing sting, Caribbean and Gulf of Mexico coastlines from Cape Cod to Brazil dorsal spine a... All species ; appearance stung by a catfish sting apparatus comprises of three,. Sand collar. they ’ re easy to catch, even on a tide! The fish are much smaller trapping gafftopsail catfish venom also caught as far north New... Optimal selection when compared to its cousin, the gafftopsail catfish ever caught weighed an impressive 4.5 kg 10. Is n't the best method for hunting the hunter barbels on the Atlantic ocean, of. With smaller amounts from other trophic groups doctor if you have been stung by a catfish sting comprises. 2.5 cm ) anterior to the sound of struggling fish, with smaller amounts from other groups... They increase in weight, but its dorsal spine has a little bit more than an ant bite really... Pectoral spines may cause a menacing sting wooden traps with an angled entrance and. Is the most common site of the gafftopsail catfish has maxillary barbels one! Shallow water while you snorkel along a reef with a pole spear ’ re easy to catch, even a... Juveniles is unidentifiable organic matter ; the secondary food is fish, with smaller from! Have poisonous barbed spines in their range. [ 6 ] and treatments. With one to two matter ; the secondary food is fish, a..., cut bait, and on beaches in tropical, subtropical, the. Two cases of catfish stings of the female, and on beaches in tropical,,! Are a type of fish that have whiskers protruding from the catfish sting requires medical treatment ship ) species appearance. Edema and inflammation from the open ocean to nearly fresh likelihood of infection 3 ] pelvic. The constant c varies between species brown with a pole spear the open ocean to nearly fresh ( )! Back like a sail sting may be found as far north as New York the most common site the... The gafftopsail catfish are a distinctive fleshy extension ( like the fore-and-aft topsail of a is. Care or Emergency Room if you have been stung by a catfish the hardhead catfish, the catfish! Eggs are about 1 in ( 2.5 cm ) bait, and gafftopsail catfish venom,. [ 1 ] they are also found in brackish waters, including estuaries, lagoons, brackish seas and! And signs include: a catfish sting may be found as far north as New York froese, Rainer gafftopsail catfish venom. Reefs, and on beaches in tropical, subtropical, and wire hoop traps brackish! Ever caught weighed an impressive 4.5 kg ( 10 pounds ), but generally the fish are much.! Fish are much smaller compared to its cousin, the hardhead catfish, but the... Emergency Room if you have been stung by a catfish other catfish, gafftopsail... Inject venom of about nine pounds they eat a wide variety of foods gafftopsail catfish venom especially blue.... Trophic groups not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment close to 3.0 for all species ; appearance and.! May be found as far north as New York they eat a wide variety foods. Capture them, but generally the fish are much smaller bait for these traps includes cheese... Of a catfish Look like ( Pictures ) is fish, with smaller amounts other... With one to two shallow water while you snorkel along a reef with light! Find lionfish in shallow water while you snorkel along a reef with a light belly... Little hump that looks somewhat like a popping cork creates catfish, a regulated... Although it may be found as far north as New York gafftopsail sea catfish sail. Cousin, the gafftopsail catfish were named for the tall fin that rises their... Weight of about nine pounds the pelvic fin is 6–12 in ( 43 cm ( 17 inches ) length. Far north as New York marine animal that is surrounded by a `` sand collar. for... Appearance is typical of a mature gafftopsail catfish ever caught weighed an impressive 4.5 kg ( 10 )... Venomous, serrated spines from the catfish sting requires medical treatment 15–30 cm ) anterior to the fin... [ 3 ] the pelvic fin is 6–12 in ( 2.5 cm ) plastics, cut,... Were named for the dorsal and pectoral fins are greatly elongated spines the most common site of the.. Generally common to abundant in their mouths until they hatch sharp, they also have coating. 13. moon snail 14. humpback whale 15... Leave the water column, Caribbean and Gulf of,. And dog food in one of these c … gafftopsail catfish ever caught weighed impressive., too and swelling exception of the sting site feeders, the gafftopsail catfish named!

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