Where they differed was that while the Spartans had militaristic values, Athenians were democratic. User Info: bigboyhowdy2. It can be considered as one of the prominent olden and traditional cities of the world with inhabitation dating back to more than 3000 years. Athens is the symbol of freedom, art, and democracy in the conscience of the civilized world. As an Athenian, one could get a good education and could pursue several kinds of arts and sciences. which ultimately led to their decline. Due to soil erosion and less vegetation, water was a very scanty commodity in Sparta. HuoLong. Athens is the capital and the largest city of Greece. No more needs to be said. Athens has given birth to prominent creative and imaginative people in diverse fields such as mathematics, sciences, history etc. Unlike Sparta, in Athens, boys were not forced to join the army. Spartans used to capture fellow Greeks and turn them into slaves. Kenji. The war ended in 404 BC with the defeat of Athens and its democracy. However, the … UberCryxic. "Sparta focused on military strength and being obedient." This eventually led to war between all the Greeks. Taxed and protected other city-states. The Peloponnesian War began in 431 B.C.C. As a whole, the five Ephors had the power to overrule the Kings, but tended to keep to religious and militaristic duties. How was the government based in ancient times? Diffen.com. ATHENS. Web. Both Athens and Sparta ruled using some elements of democracy and a superficial observer may assert that Athens was the more democratic of the two. (A city-state was a city, such as Athens, and the surrounding country under its influence and protection; Athens and its surrounding area, known as Attica, was about the size of Rhode Island). Both had troubles feeding their people as the land around their city-state was barren. #7. when Athens conceded defeat to Sparta. Athens' Allies. Both sides experienced major victories and crushing defeats, and the war was frequently interrupted by periods of negotiated peace. So, they set out conquering states that had enough food supplies, and in return the conquered land would get protection from invading armies. The slaves were treated badly by the Spartans even killing them on occasions. The process by which this was undertaken was by a simple shouting of ‘yes’ or ‘no’. Athens and Sparta differed in their ideas of getting along with the rest of the Greek empires. Although Athens and Sparta have things in common they were more different than they were alike. While the skirmishes between the factions and overthrowing either Sparta or Athens in a particular region make up the majority of the side quests and … Spartan women were educated, allowed to own property/land, and were highly respected in politics (albeit had no final say). Athens and Sparta were two of the largest City-States of Ancient Greece. The Athenian form of electing a government was called Limited Democracy while the Spartan form was called oligarchy" (rule by a few), but it had elements of monarchy (rule by kings), democracy (through the election of council/senators), and aristocracy (rule by the upper class or land owning class). The cities of Athens and Sparta were bitter rivals in ancient Greece. Athens became the foremost trading power of the Mediterranean by the 5th century BC. Sparta was the Dorian Greek military state, considered as the protector of Greece as it was providing large army to Greece for many years. Trade was a fundamental aspect of Ancient Greek society. This idea eventually led to war between the Greeks. Further battles led to the freedom of slaves. Sparta was defeated by Thebes at the Battle of Leuctra in 371 B.C. What was the most important focal point in ancient times. In Athens, the government was corrupt, slaves were attacked and raped, and women weren’t even allowed to leave their homes. Athens is said to have been the birthplace of democracy. Athens is also considered a pioneer in modern infrastructural development as a large number of temples and buildings signifying beauty and sophisticated architecture was built over some time. In Athens women did chores such as weaving or cooking, but in Sparta the women were free of all such chores. Make quizzes, send them viral. Edit or create new comparisons in your area of expertise. The spartan tradition was based on military prowess. Population & Map. Women were able to receive an education, have property, and as girls were trained in group exercises and agility. Athens took its name from the goddess Athena, the goddess of wisdom and knowledge.Sparta, a town near the river Evrotas, is located in the center of t… Sparta is located in the southern region in Greece known as Laconia. Delian League. It had more equal roles for women in society, and contrary to popular belief they did not leave weak babies on the hillsides. Athens. This is the site where we share everything we've learned. On the other hand, Athens wanted to take control of more and more land in Greece. The main difference between Athens and Sparta is that Athens had a formal democracy arrangement and rooted in the philosophy of arts and learning, whereas Sparta had an organisation where a small group of people had control of the region with a military mindset. What is Differences between Sparta and Athens? We've learned from on-the-ground experience about these terms specially the product comparisons. Athens. However, the above is not the only difference. Participation in government is a civic responsibility, Athens. The two most authoritative states were the two that were always at war. They weren't allowed to vote, weren't allowed to speak in public, and were forced to wear facial coverings in public. Taking the side of Athens is Pericles and taking the side of Sparta is King Leonidas. Sparta built a military state government. Discipline and battles were at the forefront of the philosophy professed by Sparta. In the modern times, apart from many other things signifying strong friendly ties between these two cities, there is a sports event titled “Spartathlon” which takes place every year commencing in Athens and ending in Sparta with athletes from the global community participating in the event. On the other hand, Athens was a democracy, which meant “rule by the people” – “demos” (people, or the masses) and “kratis” (rule). Though during ancient times, Athens and Sparta were fighting battles against each other, the situation changed slowly. 7 Jan 2021. So all the states that didn’t like Athens pretty much asked Sparta to help them out. Sparta is also known by the name “Lacedaemon”. Nah it’s the other way round. Oct 14, 2018 @ 7:01pm Originally posted by cjwasright: I wish there was a faction "favor" system with its own perks and rewards attached to it. From outside the city. Right from the time the child had birth till the person turned old, the endurance exercises were made compulsory such as leaving the child on a mountain overnight to test its strength and punishing small children very severely for unruly behaviour. Athens. Landlocked. Skyfire023 2 years ago #6. After a long period of decline under the rule of the Ottoman Empire, Athens reemerged in the 19th century as the capital of the independent Greek state. For example the lives of the Spartans revolved around war, preparing for war, educating their kids for war and conquering other countries during war. It is a center for economic, political, financial and culture life in Greece. What the two communities had in common was that they were both thinkers. The title of the poll was who was better, and I said Athens. bigboyhowdy2 2 years ago #8. User Info: Skyfire023. Athens has been a house to exceptionally talented writers, thinkers, philosophers such as Socrates, Democritus, Hippocrates, Pindar, Phidias, Plato, Aristotle to name a few. JudoHedgehog 2 years ago #7. Athens and Sparta are the most well- known city-states of Ancient Greece. Sparta was known for its military might and prowess, as well as its equality. They could own no property apart from the family. Philosophers began to question the mythology. The Spartan equivalent of the senate was its “gerousia”, while Ephors and the Kings would regularly attend the “apella” (general assembly) to develop and try to pass “rhetrai”, or motions and decrees. Sparta was an “Oligarchy”. Athens has been continuously inhabited for at least 3,000 years, becoming the leading city of ancient Greece in the first millennium BCE; its cultural achievements during the 5th century BCE laid the foundations of western civilization. Metics. Athens has found its name in Greek history for its undying wisdom and concentration on infrastructural development and Sparta for its military power. Sparta vs. Athens. However, Athens and Sparta both went to Assembly where citizens could vote for laws and talk about fixing problems. Athens and Sparta were two different political parties, Athens was a democracy, and Sparta was an oligarchy. mandatory military service from age 7 to 60. Athens displayed such a wonderful architecture that even Spartans who once defeated Athens were amazed by the beauty of the region that though they captured the city they did not destroy the artifacts. Freemen: Aristocrats-middle (farmers)-thetes-slaves. In the Greek-Persian battles, Athens partnered with Sparta to defeat the Persians driving them out. Reman Be Praised! Leader of the Delian League. Both Athens and Sparta hold historic value for Greece and the world. The word Sparta means simple and economical. Instead "man was the measure of all things". Ask Any Difference is a website that is owned and operated by Indragni Solutions. Sparta’s system of government was very exclusive and open to members of only the highest social standing. Sparta and Athens were the most powerful states of ancient Greece; they were also each others biggest rivals. The main difference between Athens and Sparta is that Athens was a form of democracy, whereas Sparta was a form of oligarchy. Nine chief magistrates who had to undergo annual elections, Kings who either died or were thrown out from kingship. This conflict, the Peloponnesian War, essentially was a 28-year period of on and off civil war among Greek city-states. In Sparta women were stronger and they formed liaisons with men as they chose. 1. Less freedom and status with more focus on household work, More freedom and status even receiving physical training similar to that of men. Friction between Athens and the Peloponnesian states, including Sparta, began early in the Pentecontaetia; in the wake of the departure of the Persians from Greece, Sparta attempted to prevent the reconstruction of the walls of Athens (without the walls, Athens would have been defenseless against a land attack and subject to Spartan control), but was rebuffed. Athens’s economy ran on commerce and trading in the sea as agriculture was not prominent due to the non-availability and/or suitability of the soil. These very distinct provinces were that of Sparta and Athens.Sparta was focused on having a perfect military, whereas Athens made it a point to have a perfect government for their people. Their lifestyles and culture could not have been anymore different from one another. At time of Peloponnesian War 360,000-610,000, At time of Peloponnesian War 40,000-50,000, Mediterranean climate, but more dry with about 15 inches of rain per year. Diffen LLC, n.d. This was an area close by to the markets and social centre of Athens, the “agora”. Government frequently changes. Home of many ancient philosophers, historians, and authors. Athens and Sparta were undeniably the two greatest cities in Ancient Greece, yet the method by which they ruled and governed their people varied greatly. If you read this far, you should follow us: "Athens vs Sparta." At present, Sparta is the administrative capital of the prefecture of Laconia. Sparta had a clear military advantage on land, but the Athenian navy surpassed Sparta’s capabilities at sea; neither side was able to seize and maintain the upper hand. By 432 BC, Athens had become the most populous city-state in Hellas. Modern day Sparta, which is known as Sparti in Greece, was rebuilt around 1834. One of the two significant rivals of ancient Greece is Athens and Sparta. Ask Any Difference >> Law >> Difference Between Athens and Sparta (With Table). Each had their strengths and weaknesses and even shared some common patterns such as stable economies and defence architecture. However, women from Sparta had more freedom compared to their counterparts in other cities. Athens had a Mediterranean climate with great amount of precipitation, whereas Sparta had fairly temperate but very dry climate. Thanks! Approximately 140,000; Approximately 40,000 men were citizens; and slaves (about 40,000). (Beckman, 2016, 116). Sparta led the Peloponnesian League which was an alliance of neighboring cities such as Elis, Tegea and Mantinea, and the League was also joined by Athens’ maritime rival – Corinth. What is the region in which the city is located? Sparta. Second, look at Athens and Sparta now. “The purpose of Ask Any Difference is to help people know the difference between the two terms of interest. What was the economy dependent on in ancient times? Also in a hilly area that provides natural defense. Five Ephors were elected annually, accompanied by two kings, who passed on the crowns to their chosen sons. Athens though did not have a significant military power but had a commendable naval warship which led to defeating the Persians in multiple wars emerging as a primary naval power in the region of Greece. Sparta had a powerful army and Athens knew that they could not beat them but they had the power of a naval unit which Sparta didn’t have. Athens had a form of democratic government. Truth of the world had to be explained by human reason and intellect . Athens is considered to be an originator of literature, intellect, arts, architecture, and modern culture. Compared to the simple lifestyle of the Spartan people, Athenians had a very modern and open outlook. The most important imports were metals. Created philosophers which literally mean lovers of wisdom. The Ancient Greek “oligos” translates to “few”, while “archia” means “rule” – ‘rule by the few’. Athenian life was a creative wonderland. Ever since then, we've been tearing up the trails and immersing ourselves in this wonderful hobby of writing about the differences and comparisons. Athens vs. Sparta. Difference Between Athens and Sparta (With Table), https://books.google.com/books?hl=en&lr=&id=kdBvCwAAQBAJ&oi=fnd&pg=PT6&dq=Athens+and+Sparta&ots=OQscbD4Fjw&sig=KWO5FmPrjGT7irRoobP_QuPXmSI, Comparison Table Between Athens and Sparta (in Tabular Form), Main Differences Between Athens and Sparta, Difference Between Assertive and Aggressive (With Table), Difference Between Systolic and Diastolic (With Table), Difference Between McAfee LiveSafe and Total Protection (With Table), Difference Between HCPCS and CPT (With Table), Difference Between Catholic and Lutheran (With Table), Difference Between Articles of Confederation and Constitution (With Table), Difference Between Verbal and Non-Verbal Communication (With Table). Land based army with no navy until the end of the Peloponnesian war. Athens and its allies, known as the Delian League, came into conflict with the Spartans and the Peloponnesian league, and in 431 BC a war broke out between the two cities - a war based on trade routes, rivalries, and tributes paid by smaller dependent states. Sparta has had two rulers in recent times, who ruled until they died. Their ideals, principles, and the way they tackle challenges are so contrasting it created animosity between them. Although both Athens and Sparta were powerful Greek city-states, they were very different. They understood the importance of such growth and concentrated on them besides on military strength. The war, known as the Peloponnesian War, raged for 27 years between the Athenian realm and the Peloponnesian coalition commanded by the Spartans. Sparta, also known by its ancient name Lacedaemon in honor of their legendary founder, is often considered to have been the most dominant military presence in ancient Greece. They are just 95 miles away from each other, but their differences were vastly noticeable. Athens is the capital and the largest city of Greece. They have some things in common, such as being located in Greece; however, more are the differences than the similarities when it comes to the characteristics of this Greek polis. Their infantry soldiers were said to have been among the most skilled and fearsome warriors of the ancient world. The power in Athens was held by the people, and in Sparta there were two kings and 5 Ephors who made laws. Jun 2006 309 Virginia, United States Jun 25, 2006 #6 First, this is a childish thread. Civilization, Commercial development and intelligence. Athens: Sparta: Significance: Athens was the first ever city to introduce the democratic form of government: Sparta was the first ever city that was ruled by two different kings as an oligarchy. Historically, Athens treated women horribly, in fact they believed all women were possessed by demons. During the Middle Ages, the city experienced decline and then recovery under the Byzantine Empire, and was relatively prosperous during the Crusades, as they benefitted from Italian trade. In Athens and Attica, there were at least 150,000 Athenians, around 50,000 aliens, and more than 100,000 slaves. Controlling, traditional, and conservative. Sparta Athens Men, women and children Trade in Ancient Greece Greek Mythology TRADE IN ANCIENT GREECE. Sparta was more equal, fair and just, as well as being strong and smart. Other purposes of the general assembly were to vote on and pass legislation and make civil decisions. In Sparta, men were mainly warriors; others were slaves. Others were chosen by a method called ‘lot’ voting. Known in Greek as Sparti. Each would take charge for about a month, and ten generals were automatically elected due to their experience. Some like Xenophanes began to reject the old beliefs. They loved beauty, music, literature, drama, philosophy, politics, art, and sports. Sparta and Athens Sparta The distinctiveness of Sparta. not as military based, and required military service was only two years for citizens. We write on the topics: Food, Technology, Business, Pets, Travel, Finance, and Science”. Though these are not very far away from each other, there … Geographically they are very close to each other, but have sometimes had very different values, lifestyles, and cultures. The one giving more purples. On the other hand, the ruler of Athens is elected annually. Athens and Sparta are two prominent Greek rival city-states. and ended in 404 B.C.E. What was the most important aspect from a defence perspective? < >, "Athens focused on freedom, art, and worshiping the goddess of wisdom, Athena." Sparta was content to keep to itself and provided army and assistance when necessary to other states. It could be said that some even loved battle itself. Sparta, Athens, or Both? Athens. Athens, on the other hand, wanted to control more and more of the land around them. Athens were power hungry and made subjects of states under their control due to simply being bigger and better, and also the huge influence of an anti-Persian alliance known as the Delian League that Athens formed. Sparta people were not open to education and they only concentrated on military strength and obedience and they didn't interact much with the outside world. They could also own property by themselves. Athens and Sparta are both famous and prosperous cities in Ancient Greece, which have also rivaled each other for years. Sparta is better than Athens in many ways. The decisive Battle of Leuctra in 371 BCE ended the Spartan hegemony , although the city-state maintained its political independence until the … The capital and largest city of Greece. Prominent among the states that never experienced tyranny was Sparta, a fact remarked on even in antiquity. uQuiz.com is a free online quiz making tool. Democratic Values. SPARTA. The junior allies undertook that the allies and enemies of Sparta would be their … Tradition relates that Sparta was founded by its first king, Lacedaemon, son of Zeus and Taygete, who named the city after his wife, the daughter of Eurotas, around 1000 BCE. Could not own land, but could run industries and businesses. A+. The wars fought by Sparta and Athens in the fifth century bc pitted one city-state with ancient Greece’s greatest army against one boasting her … They worshiped their gods and respected people. Sparta belonged to the Peloponnesian league and Athens belonged to the Delian League. It is a center for economic, political, financial and culture life in Greece. User Info: JudoHedgehog. Sparta was the principal enemy of Athens during the Peloponnesian War (between 431 and 404 BCE), from which it emerged victorious. That is why it considered itself as the protector of the Greek. The focus was on obedience and war. Some eighty years after the Trojan War, according to the traditional chronology, Dorian migration from the north took place and eventually led to the rise of classical Sparta — famous as a martial power, foe of the Persian Empire, and eventual conqueror of Athens. In Sparta, women had rights that other Greek women did not have. The Athenian assembly, known as the “ekklesia”, sat to discuss political, militaristic and social matters and agendas in the pnyx. The respective alliances of Sparta and Athens during the Peloponnesian war, reflected their spheres of geographic and military dominance. The cities of Athens and Sparta are famous for various reasons, including their eternal rivalry. Family ties in Athens were stronger and women were legally the dependents of their husbands or their father. Even though they were different they were still very alike. These slaves used to help the Spartans complete their daily activities such as farming, labour etc. A comparison between both the terms on certain parameters can shed light on subtle aspects: Athens is an ancient city in Greece. Athens hands down. Men even serviced the army after the age of 60 years. Neither in Athens nor Sparta. Whether girl education was the norm in ancient times? Sparta, a town near the river Evrotas, is located in the center of the Peloponnese in southern Greece. Athens took its name from the goddess Athena, the goddess of wisdom and knowledge. Athens economy was dependent more upon trade. 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