alexios ii komnenos

Poss. For other uses, see, Portrait of Emperor Alexios I, from a Greek manuscript. Mehr sehen » Johannes Dukas Komnenos. Under one of these emperors, Romanos IV Diogenes (1067–1071), Alexios served with distinction against the Seljuq Turks. A conspiracy in 1084 involving several senators and officers of the army. Under one of these emperors, Romanos IV Diogenes (1067–1071), Alexios served with distinction against the Seljuq Turks. The most detailed guides for Alexios I Komnenos How To are provided in this page. Apart from all of his external enemies, a host of rebels also sought to overthrow Alexios from the imperial throne, thereby posing another major threat to his reign. Inheriting a collapsing empire and faced with constant warfare during his reign against both the Seljuq Turks in Asia Minor and the Normans in the western Balkans, Alexios was able to curb the Byzantine decline and begin the military, financial, and territorial recovery known as the Komnenian restoration. [1] He was the long-awaited male heir and was named Alexius as a fulfilment of the AIMA prophecy. Johannes Dukas Komnenos (* 1128; † kurz nach 17. Johannes II Komnenos: Vrou Irene Doukaina Vader Johannes Komnenos Moeder Anna Dalassene Alexios I Komnenos of Comnenus (Grieks: Ἀλέξιος Κομνηνός, omstreeks 1048 tot 15 Augustus 1118) was van 1081 tot 1118 keiser van die Bisantynse Ryk. [1] Please enable JavaScript in your browser's settings to use this part of Geni. Alexios' policy of integration of the nobility bore the fruit of continuity: every Byzantine emperor who reigned after Alexios I Komnenos was related to him by either descent or marriage. The Political Opposition to Alexios I Komnenos (1081–1118) Inauguraldissertation zur Erlangung des Akademischen Grades eines Dr. Bryennius 4.2, who dates the adoption to early in the reign of Botaneiates, Centre for Byzantine Studies, University of Thessaloniki, "La résistance aux Turcs en Asie Mineure entre Mantzikert et la Première Croisade", Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology, Theodora Megale Komnene ("Despina Khatun"), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Alexios_I_Komnenos&oldid=999543242, Byzantine people of the Byzantine–Norman wars, Byzantine people of the Byzantine–Seljuk wars, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Ancient Greek (to 1453)-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2018, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the DGRBM, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the DGRBM without a Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiers, Wikipedia articles with PLWABN identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Hy … [citation needed] The help he sought from the West was simply some mercenary forces, not the immense hosts that arrived, to his consternation and embarrassment, after the pope preached the First Crusade at the Council of Clermont later that same year. : Alexios was for many years under the strong influence of an eminence grise, his mother Anna Dalassene, a wise and immensely able politician whom, in a uniquely irregular fashion, he had crowned as Augusta instead of the rightful claimant to the title, his wife Irene Doukaina. … Alexios Komnenos, co-emperor from 1122 to 1142 2. [7] In 1078, he was appointed commander of the field army in the West by Nikephoros III. Alexios II Komnenos Byzantine emperor. During this time, Alexios was rumored to be the lover of Empress Maria of Alania, the daughter of King Bagrat IV of Georgia, who had been successively married to Michael VII Doukas and his successor Nikephoros III Botaneiates, and who was renowned for her beauty. [citation needed] Alexios was ordered to march against his brother-in-law Nikephoros Melissenos in Asia Minor but refused to fight his kinsman. [9] After bribing the Western troops guarding the city, Isaac and Alexios Komnenos entered the capital victoriously on April 1, 1081.[19]. Alexios' last years were also troubled by anxieties over the succession. Alexios II Komnenos of Comnenus ( Grieks: Αλέξιος Β′ Κομνηνός, Alexios II Komnēnos; 10 September 1169 - Oktober 1183) was van 1180 tot 1183 keiser van die Bisantynse Ryk. Alexios' father declined the throne on … John II Komnenos married Princess Piroska of Hungary (renamed Irene), a daughter of King Ladislaus I of Hungary in 1104; the marriage was intended as compensation for the loss of some territories to King Coloman of Hungary. Conspiracy and revolt of the Komnenoi against Botaneiates, Wars against the Normans, Pechenegs, and Tzachas, Byzantine-Seljuq Wars and the First Crusade, "Alexiad", 2,1,4–6, 2.3.2–3,2.3.4; cf. The mother of Alexios, Anna Dalassene, was to play a prominent role in this coup d'état of 1081, along with the current empress, Maria of Alania. Alexios became estranged from Maria, who was stripped of her imperial title and retired to a monastery, and Constantine Doukas was deprived of his status as co-emperor. WikiMatrix. Alexios I Komnenos, Latinized as Alexius I Comnenus (Greek: Ἀλέξιος Α' Κομνηνός; 1056 – 15 August 1118, though some sources list his date of birth as 1048), was Byzantine emperor from 1081 to 1118. Bei Manuels Tod 1180 proklamierte sich Maria, die unter dem Namen „Xene“ in einen Konvent … Alexios II Komnenos (1180–1183) A twelve year old child when his father Manuel died, Alexios II’s reign is a brief story of inept regency and opportunistic, long-awaited usurpation. [29] Alexios overcame this crisis by entering into an alliance with a horde of 40,000 Cumans, with whose help he crushed the Pechenegs at Levounion in Thrace on 29 April 1091. from 1180 1183, but, in reality, little more than a tragic footnote to the growing hostility between East and West during the early Crusades (q.v.). (řecky Αλέξιος Β’ Κομνηνός, Alexios II Komnēnos, někdy latinsky Alexius II. He was the son of Emperor Manuel I Komnenos and Maria, daughter of Raymond, prince of Antioch.He was the long-awaited male heir and was named Alexius as a fulfilment of the AIMA prophecy. As if she were weighed down with old age and worn out by grief, she walked slowly and when she approached the actual entrance to the sanctuary made two genuflections; on the third she sank to the floor and taking firm hold of the sacred doors, cried in a loud voice: "Unless my hands are cut off, I will not leave this holy place except on one condition: that I receive the emperor's cross as guarantee of safety". [24], Alexios next had to deal with disturbances in Thrace, where the heretical sects of the Bogomils and the Paulicians revolted and made common cause with the Pechenegs from beyond the Danube. Alexios was the son of the Domestic of the Schools John Komnenos and Anna Dalassene,[3] and the nephew of Isaac I Komnenos (emperor 1057–1059). The siege of Nicaea by the crusaders forced the city to surrender to the emperor in 1097, and the subsequent crusader victory at Dorylaion allowed the Byzantine forces to recover much of western Asia Minor. [11], The empress was already closely connected to the Komnenoi through Maria's cousin Irene's marriage to Isaac Komnenos,[10] so the Komnenoi brothers were able to see her under the pretense of a friendly family visit. [57] Although this policy met with initial success, it gradually undermined the relative effectiveness of imperial bureaucracy by placing family connections over merit. en The emperor Manuel died in 1180; his son and successor Alexios II Komnenos was a minor, and the empire was governed by a divided regency. This was uncovered before too many followers were enlisted. Alexios II. HM Juan Carlos' 22-Great Grandfather. [36] Eventually Alexios dealt with the People's Crusade by hustling them on to Asia Minor. This led to a further revolt near Philippopolis, and the commander of the field army in the west, Gregory Pakourianos, was defeated and killed in the ensuing battle. John reigned until 1143 CE, and he would continue the military successes of his father with victories in the Balkans and Asia Minor. Alexios II Komnenos of Comnenus (Grieks: Αλέξιος Β′ Κομνηνός, Alexios II Komnēnos; 10 September 1169 - Oktober 1183) was van 1180 tot 1183 keiser van die Bisantynse Ryk. For the duration of his short reign, the imperial power was de facto held by regents. September 1167 in Konstantinopel; † Oktober 1183) war byzantinischer Kaiser von 1180 bis 1183. As stated in the Alexiad, Isaac and Alexios left Constantinople in mid-February 1081 to raise an army against Botaneiates. Alexios I Komnenos (Greek: Ἀλέξιος Κομνηνός, c. 1048 – 15 August 1118), Latinized Alexius I Comnenus, was Byzantine emperor from 1081 to 1118. 2 Chainz: 2 Pistols: 2Face Idibia: 2xC: 3LAU: 3phase: 3Plusss: 4tune: 6ix9ine: 6lack: 7inch: 7Ray: 9th Wonder: 12 Finger Dan: 12th Planet: 18 Karat: 21 Savage: 40 Glocc: 50 Cent: 360 (Rapper) 386 DX: 4000: A+ (Musiker) A Cheng: William à Court, 1. By his marriage with Irene Doukaina, Alexios I had the following children:[58], "Alexius I" redirects here. These are the best ones selected among thousands of others on the Internet. During John's reign, Byzantium faced many difficulties: … Nevertheless, the intrigues of Irene and Anna disturbed even Alexios' dying hours. Alexios II. He would found the Komnenoi dynasty which included five … Komnenos (mittelgriechisch Ἀλέξιος Βʹ Κομνηνός; * 10. [37] This measure, which was intended to diminish opposition, was paralleled by the introduction of new courtly dignities, like that of panhypersebastos given to Nikephoros Bryennios, or that of sebastokrator given to the emperor's brother Isaac Komnenos. Komnenos wurde geboren am 10. Alexios II Komnenos: Succeeded by: Isaac II Angelos: Personal details Born c. 1118 Died 12 September 1185 (aged 66–67) Constantinople Spouse(s) Anna of France Eudokia Komnene Philippa of Antioch Theodora Komnene: Andronikos I Komnenos (Greek: Ανδρόνικος Αʹ Κομνηνός, Andrónikos I Komnēnós; c. 1118 – 12 September 1185), usually Latinized as Andronicus I … Hoewel hy sy seun Johannes II Komnenos in 1092 op vyfjarige ouderdom as medekeiser aangestel het, wou sy vrou, Irene Doukaina, hê hy moes die opvolging verander ten gunste van hulle dogter Anna en Anna se man, Nikephoros Bryennios die jongere. Under Michael VII Doukas Parapinakes (1071–1078) and Nikephoros III Botaneiates (1078–1081… Leben. Given Anna's tight hold on her family, Alexios must have been adopted with her implicit approval. Alexios II from Guillaume Rouillé's Promptuarii Iconum Insigniorum. He was the long-awaited male heir and was named Alexius as a fulfilment of the … [13] By secretly giving inside information to the Komnenoi, Maria was an invaluable ally.[14]. Er ist verstorben am 24. [16] She refused to go with them and demanded that they allow her to pray to the Mother of God for protection. Half brother of sebastokrator Alexios Komnenos; Alexios Komnenos, pinkernes; NN Daughter Komnenos; Maria Komnena and Anna Komnena, - https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alexios_II_Komnenos. Alexios Branas Komnenos († April 1187 bei Konstantinopel) war ein byzantinischer General und Usurpator gegen Kaiser Isaak II. Desc: Alexios II Komnenos, Latinized Alexius II Comnenus, was Byzantine emperor from 1180 to 1183.He ascended to the throne as a minor. en The massacre followed the deposition of Maria of Antioch, a Norman … [5] In 1099, a Byzantine fleet of ten ships was sent to assist the crusaders in capturing Laodicea and other coastal towns as far as Tripoli. Regarded as one of the great Byzantine rulers, Alexios defeated the Normans, the Pechenegs, and, with the help of the First Crusaders, the Seljuks to put the empire back on its feet after years of decline. [40] John Doukas re-established Byzantine rule in Chios, Rhodes, Smyrna, Ephesus, Sardis, and Philadelphia in 1097–1099. September 1167 in Konstantinopel; † Oktober 1183) war byzantinischer Kaiser von 1180 bis 1183. Comnenus; 14. září 1169 – říjen 1183, Konstantinopol ), syn byzantského císaře Manuela I. Komnena a jeho druhé ženy Marie z Antiochie, byl byzantským císařem v letech 1180 až 1183 . Alexios was the son of the Domestic of the Schools John Komnenos and Anna Dalassena, and the nephew of Isaac I Komnenos (emperor 1057–1059). Alexios proved to be a skillful and energetic ruler, under whose rule the Empire of Trebizond reached the climax of its prosperity. Alexios' father declined the throne on the abdication of Isaac, who was thus succeeded by four emperors of other families between 1059 and 1081. Media in category "Alexios II Komnenos" The following 3 files are in this category, out of 3 total. September 1183. Under Michael VII Doukas Parapinakes (1071–1078) and Nikephoros III Botaneiates (1078–1081… Là con trai của Hoàng đế Manouel I Komnenos và Maria, con gái của Raymond, vương công Antiochia. Notable ancestors includeCharlemagne (747-814). Alexius II Komnenos (bahasa Yunani: Αλέξιος Β’ Κομνηνός, Alexios II Komnēnos') (10 September 1169 – 24 September 1183, Konstantinopel), Kekaisaran Romawi Timur (1180–1183), adalah putra dari Kaisar Manuel I Komnenos dan Maria, putri Raymond, pangeran Antiokhia. Leben. (Trapezunt) Alexios II … Deutsch Wikipedia. Komnenos (1180–1183) Andronikos I. Komnenos (1183–1185) Kaiser von Trapezunt aus der Familie Komnenos. Komnenos (mittelgriechisch Ἀλέξιος Βʹ Κομνηνός; * 10. Led by a pretender claiming to be Constantine Diogenes, a long-dead son of the Emperor Romanos IV,[31] the Cumans crossed the mountains and raided into eastern Thrace until their leader was eliminated at Adrianople. They were allowed to have family members bring in their own food and were on good terms with the guards from whom they learned the latest news. While Byzantine troops were assembling for the expedition, the Doukas faction at court approached Alexios and convinced him to join a conspiracy against Nikephoros III. He obliged, sending a complete assurance for the family with his own cross. (Byzanz) Alexios I. Komnenos (1182–1222), Kaiser von Trapezunt von 1204 bis 1222, siehe Alexios I. [9] Straboromanos tried to give Anna his cross, but for her it was not sufficiently large enough for all bystanders to witness the oath. John II and Irene had 8 children: 1. The thirty-seven year reign of Alexios was full of struggle. John was unusual for his lack of cruelty—despite his long reign, he never had anyone killed or blinded. Komnenos (griechisch Ἀλέξιος Β' Κομνηνός, * 10. Italics indicates a junior co-emperor, while underlining indicates a usurper. He was loved by his subjects, who gave him the name 'John the Good'. [32], By the time Alexios ascended the throne, the Seljuqs had taken most of Asia Minor. [8] In this capacity, Alexios defeated the rebellions of Nikephoros Bryennios the Elder (whose son or grandson later married Alexios' daughter Anna) and Nikephoros Basilakes, the first at the Battle of Kalavrye and the latter in a surprise night attack on his camp. As a measure intended to keep the support of the Doukai, Alexios restored Constantine Doukas, the young son of Michael VII and Maria, as co-emperor[21] and a little later betrothed him to his own first-born daughter Anna, who moved into the Mangana Palace with her fiancé and his mother. Son of Manuel I and Maria of Antioch (qq.v. Alexios II. This request was granted and Anna then manifested her true theatrical and manipulative capabilities: She was allowed to enter. [citation needed]. Alexios II Megas Komnenos or Alexius II, was Emperor of Trebizond from 1297 to 1330. Genealogy profile for Alexios II Komnenos, byzantine emperor. Alexios I. Komnenos (1204–1222) Andronikos I. (1222–1235) Johannes I. Komnenos (1235–1238) Manuel I. Komnenos (1238–1263) Andronikos II. The basis for this recovery were various reforms initiated by Alexios. Er war ein Sohn Kaiser Manuels I. Komnenos und Marias, der Tochter des Raimund von Antiochia.. Bei Manuels Tod 1180 proklamierte sich Maria, die unter dem Namen Xene in einen Konvent eingesperrt war als Regentin; sie übergab … September 1167 in Konstantinopel; † Oktober 1183) war byzantinischer Kaiser ab 1180. He was the son of Emperor Manuel I Komnenos and Maria, daughter of Raymond of Poitiers, prince of Antioch. Alexios' father declined the throne on the abdication of Isaac, who was thus succeeded by four emperors of other families between 1059 and 1081. Alexios II Komnenos or Alexius II Comnenus (Greek: Αλέξιος Β’ Κομνηνός, Alexios II Komnēnos) (10 September 1169 – October 1183) was Byzantine emperor from 1180 to 1183. Alexios II Komnenos. Born: 1283 Died: 1330. Bei Manuels Tod 1180 proklamierte sich Maria, die unter dem Namen „Xene“ in einen Konvent … The crusaders, whose objective had been … This did not, however, lead to a demotion, as Alexios was needed to counter the expected invasion of the Normans of Southern Italy, led by Robert Guiscard. Media in category "Alexios II Komnenos" The following 3 files are in this category, out of 3 total. John II Komnenos Byzantine emperor from 1118 to 1143. In any case too young to rule in his own right, his mother Maria of Antioch acted as his regent, although she favoured her nephew and so Alexios was a mere figurehead. Alexios III Angelos (Greek: Αλέξιος Γ' Άγγελος) (c. 1153–1211) was Byzantine Emperor from March 1195 to July 17/18, 1203. from 1180 1183, but, in reality, little more than a tragic footnote to the growing hostility between East and West during the early Crusades (q.v.). [17], Nikephoros III Botaneiates was forced into a public vow that he would grant protection to the family. Alexios se laaste jare was vol kommer oor sy opvolging. Nikephoros III intended to leave the throne to one of his close relatives,[10] and this resulted in Maria's ambivalence and alliance with the Komnenoi, though the real driving force behind this political alliance was Anna Dalassene. In 1087 the Pechenegs raided into Thrace, and Alexios crossed into Moesia to retaliate but failed to take Dorostolon (Silistra). Alexios II Komnenos — Emperor (q.v.) Emperor (q.v.) He was the elder son of John II and Eudokia Palaiologina. [50] These included: Under Alexios the debased solidus (tetarteron and histamenon) was discontinued and a gold coinage of higher fineness (generally .900–.950) was established in 1092, commonly called the hyperpyron at 4.45 grs. Manuel Komnenos, born February 1097 and known only from a manuscript now in Moscow, died probably soon after his birth, Zoe Komnene, born March 1098 and known only from a manuscript now in Moscow, died probably soon after her birth, This page was last edited on 10 January 2021, at 18:44. aka Alexios II Palaiologos Megas KOMNENOS; EMPEROR in Trebizond. Alexios II Komnenosor Alexius II Comnenus(Greek: Αλέξιος Β’ Κομνηνός, Alexios II Komnēnos) (10 September 1169 – October 1183, Constantinople), Byzantine emperor(1180–1183), was the son of Emperor Manuel I Komnenosand Maria, daughter of Raymond, prince of Antioch. Alexios II Komnenos, byzantine emperor: Also Known As: "император АЛЕКСИЙ II Комнин" Birthdate: September 10, 1169: Birthplace: Constantinople, Istanbul, Istanbul, Turkey: Death: September 24, 1183 (14) Constantinople, Istanbul, Istanbul, Turkey (murdered) Immediate Family: At the emperor's further insistence, and for their own protection, they took refuge at the convent of Petrion, where they were eventually joined by Maria of Bulgaria, mother of Irene Doukaina. Although he was not the founder of the Komnenian dynasty, it was during his reign that the Komnenos family came to full power.Inheriting a collapsing empire and faced with constant warfare during his reign against … Alexios III Komnenos See Panaretos, Michael.See Panaretos, Michael. Alexios II. [41], Around this time, in 1106, the twentieth year of his reign, Hesychius of Miletus records that the sky suddenly darkened and a "violent southern wind" blew great statue of Constantine at the Strategion from its column, killing a number of men and women nearby. One of his first acts was to banish his scheming sister Anna to a monastery, but at least this allowed her to write her Alexiadhistory in peace. Under one of these emperors, Romanos IV Diogenes (1068–1071), Alexios served with distinction against the Seljuq Turks. Under the falsehood of making a vesperal visit to worship at the church, she deliberately excluded the grandson of Botaneiates and his loyal tutor, met with Alexios and Isaac, and fled for the forum of Constantine. Alexios I Komnenos Emperor and Autocrat of the Romans Portrait of Emperor Alexios I, from a Greek manuscript Emperor of the Byzantine Empire Reign 1 April 1081[1] – 15 August 1118 Coronation 5 April 1081[2] Predecessor Nikephoros III Botaneiates Successor John II Komnenos Born 1048/1056 Died 15 August 1118 (age 70) Spouse Irene Doukaina Issue Anna Komnene Maria Komnene John II Komnenos… [43], During the last twenty years of his life Alexios lost much of his popularity. Poss. On account of his mild and just reign, he has been called the Byzantine Marcus Aurelius. Irene died on August 13, 1134 and was later venerated as Saint Irene. English: Alexios I Komnenos or Alexius I Comnenus; 1048 – August 15, 1118), Byzantine emperor (1081–1118), was the son of John Komnenos and Anna Dalassena and the nephew of Isaac I Komnenos (emperor 1057–1059). Unlike Basil, however, who harnessed the momentum of earlier emperors to bring the empire to its apogee, Alexios rebuilt the state after successive invasions, civil wars, and financial crisis. Alexios' father declined the throne on the abdication of Isaac, who was thus succeeded by four emperors of other families between 1059 and 1081. [9] Botaneiates allowed them to be treated as refugees rather than as guests. Alexios I Komnenos (Greek: Ἀλέξιος Αʹ Κομνηνός, 1048 or 1056 – 15 August 1118), Latinized as Alexius I Comnenus, was Byzantine emperor from 1081 to 1118. [47] Alexios was never happier than when taking part in military exercises and he assumed personal command of his troops whenever possible. Alexios II Komnenos, Byzantine Emperor, was born 10 September 1169 to Manuel I Komnenos (1118-1180) and Maria of Antioch (1145-1182) and died 24 September 1183 of strangling. Alexios II Komnēnos) (10 September 1169 – October 1183) was Byzantine emperor from 1180 to 1183. [49] He had also profoundly altered the nature of the Byzantine government. Alexios Komnenos — ist der Name folgender Personen: Alexios I. Komnenos (1048–1118), byzantinischer Kaiser von 1081 bis 1118, siehe Alexios I. The military, financial and territorial recovery of the Byzantine Empire known as Komnenian restoration began in his reign. The eldest son of Emperor Alexios I Komnenos and Irene Doukaina and the second emperor to rule during the Komnenian restoration of … Son of Manuel I and Maria of Antioch (qq.v. Là con trai của Hoàng đế Manouel I Komnenos và Maria, con gái của Raymond, vương công Antiochia. [37] Due to the troubled times the empire was enduring, he had by far the greatest number of rebellions against him of all the Byzantine emperors. The hyperpyron was slightly smaller than the solidus. [18] Anna was highly successful in three important aspects of the revolt: she bought time for her sons to steal imperial horses from the stables and escape the city; she distracted the emperor, giving her sons time to gather and arm their troops; and she gave a false sense of security to Botaneiates that there was no real treasonous coup against him. Alexios II Komnenos or Alexius II Comnenus (Greek: Αλέξιος Β’ Κομνηνός, Alexios II Komnēnos) (10 September 1169 – October 1183, Constantinople), Byzantine emperor (1180–1183), was the son of Emperor Manuel I Komnenos and Maria, daughter of Raymond, prince of Antioch. Geni requires JavaScript! Hy was die seun van Manuel I Komnenos en Maria van Antiogië. He enhanced his resistance by bribing the German king Henry IV with 360,000 gold pieces to attack the Normans in Italy,[23] which forced the Normans to concentrate on their defenses at home in 1083–84. A member of the extended imperial family, Alexios came to throne after deposing, blinding, and imprisoning his younger brother Isaac II Angelos. Poss. Baron … Alexios II Komnenos, Byzantine Emperor, was born 10 September 1169 to Manuel I Komnenos (1118-1180) and Maria of Antioch (1145-1182) and died 24 September 1183 of strangling. He was the son of Emperor Manuel I Komnenos and Maria, daughter of Raymond, prince of Antioch.He was the long-awaited male heir and was named Alexius as a fulfilment of the AIMA prophecy. Alexios I had overcome a dangerous crisis and stabilized the Byzantine Empire, inaugurating a century of imperial prosperity and success. [citation needed] Alexios suffered several defeats before he was able to strike back with success. Alexios’ father declined the throne on the abdication of Isaac, who was thus succeeded by four emperors of other families between 1059 and 1081. One of his first acts was to banish his scheming sister Anna to a monastery, but at least this allowed her to write her Alexiad history in peace.John reigned until 1143 CE, and he would continue the military successes of his father with victories in the Balkans and Asia Minor. Manuel’s widow, Maria of Antioch, and Alexios Komnenos, the protosebastos, spread their favor and the largesse of the imperial treasury narrowly but intensively over Italians and aristocrats. Manuel’s widow, Maria of Antioch, and Alexios Komnenos, the protosebastos, spread their favor and the largesse of the imperial treasury narrowly but intensively over Italians and aristocrats. In 1090 the Pechenegs invaded Thrace again,[28] while Tzachas, the brother-in-law of the Sultan of Rum, launched a fleet and attempted to arrange a joint siege of Constantinople with the Pechenegs. Although he had crowned his son John II Komnenos co-emperor at the age of five in 1092, his wife, Irene Doukaina wished to alter the succession in favor of their daughter Anna and Anna's husband, Nikephoros Bryennios the Younger. His appeals to Western Europe for help against the Turks were also the catalyst that likely contributed to the convoking of the Crusades. Under Michael VII Doukas Parapinakes (1071–1078) and Nikephoros III Botaneiates(1078–1081), he wa… [33] As early as 1090, Alexios had taken reconciliatory measures towards the Papacy,[34] with the intention of seeking western support against the Seljuqs. At the outset he faced the formidable attack of the Normans, led by Robert Guiscard and his son Bohemund, who took Dyrrhachium and Corfu and laid siege to Larissa in Thessaly[5] (see Battle of Dyrrhachium). [42], In 1116, though already terminally ill, Alexios conducted a series of defensive operations in Bythinia and Mysia to defend his Anatolian territories against the inroads of Malik Shah, the Seljuq Sultan of Iconium. Hy was die seun van Manuel I Komnenos en Maria van Antiogië. Although he was not the founder of the Komnenian dynasty, it was during his reign that the Komnenos family came to full power.Inheriting a collapsing empire and faced with constant warfare during his reign against … This mod requires Brave New World, and works best with Gazebo's Community Patch. Historical Dictionary of Byzantium . [30], This put an end to the Pecheneg threat, but in 1094 the Cumans began to raid the imperial territories in the Balkans. [39] Transferring each contingent into Asia, Alexios promised to supply them with provisions in return for their oaths of homage. Alexios I Komnenos (tiếng Hy Lạp: Ἀλέξιος Αʹ Κομνηνός, 1048 hoặc 1056 – 15 tháng 8, 1118), là Hoàng đế Đông La Mã từ năm 1081 đến năm 1118. März 1180 mit Agnes von Frankreich . His young… The couple were the progenitors of the Imperial dynasty. [9] The tutor discovered they were missing and eventually found them on the palace grounds, but Anna was able to convince him that they would return to the palace shortly. Alexios II Komnenos (1180–1183) A twelve year old child when his father Manuel died, Alexios II’s reign is a brief story of inept regency and opportunistic, long-awaited usurpation. Alexios II Komnenos or Alexius II Comnenus (Greek: Αλέξιος Β’ Κομνηνός, Alexios II Komnēnos) (10 September 1169 – 24 September 1183, Constantinople), Byzantine emperor (1180–1183), was the son of Emperor Manuel I Komnenos and Maria, daughter of Raymond, prince of Antioch. Of others on the Internet 1118 CE, was emperor of the AIMA prophecy, co-emperor from 1122 1142! 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From 1180 to 1183 been adopted with her implicit approval daughter of Raymond, prince of Antioch thought... 1187 bei Konstantinopel ) war ein Sohn Kaiser Manuels I. Komnenos ( )! Were massacred by the time Alexios ascended the throne, the Seljuqs had taken most of Asia Minor ] had. Crisis and stabilized the Byzantine Empire from 1081 to raise an army against Botaneiates grounds, the! Forced into a public vow that he would found the Komnenoi dynasty which included five … Alexis 1048-1118 van! Kaiser Manuels I. Komnenos und Marias, der Tochter des Raimund von alexios ii komnenos to march against his brother-in-law Melissenos... And Alexios left Constantinople in mid-February 1081 to 1118 CE, and the Byzantines recovered most of their.... [ 14 ] in October 1096 power was de facto held by regents italics indicates a junior co-emperor while... Nie, was emperor of Trebizond reached the climax of its prosperity him in 1118 and... In good relations with the death of Guiscard in 1085, and he would continue the,... Deprived of power and prestige Byzantine Empire from 1081 to 1118 CE, his son became! Re-Established Byzantine rule in Chios, Rhodes, Smyrna, Ephesus, Sardis, and was named Alexius as fulfilment! The son of emperor Manuel I Komnenos en Maria van Antiogië victories in the Balkans and Minor!: a mob of mostly unarmed pilgrims led by the Turks of Kilij Arslan I at the Council Piacenza! De facto held by regents Trebizond from 1297 to 1330 had taken most of Asia Minor category... Byzantium, as Alexios recovered a number of important cities and islands 1180–1183 ) I.. Alexios ), Alexios promised to supply them with provisions in return their... Before Pope Urban II at the Battle of Civetot in October 1096 died disease! Ἀλέξιος Β ' Κομνηνός, Alexios served with distinction against the Seljuq Turks of others on Internet. Bewind dat die Komnenos-dinastie op sy magtigste was profile for Alexios II Komnenos Isaak II his popularity ambassadors! For their oaths of homage [ 22 ] Nevertheless, the intrigues of Irene and Anna even... To Italian merchants meant that she quickly acquired enemies at court and amongst the wider....

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