netherlands human trafficking laws

The government funded an extensive network of care facilities for both foreign and domestic victims. The government frequently did not charge child sex traffickers under the trafficking law but under a sexual abuse law (article 248b), which carried lesser penalties. A survey of prosecution and judgments on human trafficking cases in the period 2006-2010. Cost & Scholarships. LAWS IN INDIA AGAINST HUMAN TRAFFICKING. In the Netherlands, the Coordination Centre for Human Trafficking (CoMensha) is the focal point for initial assistance to and registration of possible victims of trafficking. Human trafficking is an offense under article 273f of the Dutch Criminal Code. Federal Anti-Trafficking Laws. The approach to human trafficking in the Netherlands improved considerably in the past years, but many victims are still invisible to aid agencies, National Rapporteur on Human Trafficking Herman Bolhaar said on Thursday - the European day against human trafficking, NOS reports. A couple arrives at her office, requests a private consultation, and asks whether she keeps information confidential. They can be entitled to state financed compensation under the Violent Offences Compensation Fund Act. Victims can also … This carefully researched and well-written book provides a comprehensive and accessible insight into a new, complex but vital area of international law. Criminal groups force Romani children into pickpocketing and shoplifting rings. Netherlands: Proposal to Increase Human Trafficking Punishment (Mar. Speaking over the phone from the Netherlands, Evelien Holsken rejected the idea that humanitarian organizations should deprioritize anti-trafficking work … By Lindsey King . 26, No. A number of books, academic and nonfiction, on human trafficking are available, as well as a growing number of special journal issues that have been dedicated to the issue. IMPLEMENTATION OF ANTI-TRAFFICKING POLICY. In 2019, the number of health care regions with a trafficking victim coordinator increased to 33, compared with 24 in 2018. SIT Study Abroad is committed to making international education accessible to all students. TVPA combats trafficking in persons, especially into the sex trade, slavery, and involuntary servitude. Faith-based or­gan­i­sa­tions and oth­er agen­cies are us­ing their le­git­i­mate fronts across the world to con­duct il­lic­it ac­tiv­i­ties, in­clud­ing hu­man traf­fick­ing. The new Dutch Law is part of a wider legislative trend, as various countries have passed or are contemplating new legislation imposing human rights reporting requirements on companies (such as the UK Modern Slavery Act 2015) or mandatory human rights due diligence (such as the French Duty of Vigilance Act 2017). Starting June 2012 the National Rapporteur reports on human trafficking and on sexual violence against children. According to the National Rapporteur’s office, average prison sentences imposed in 2007 ranged from 20 to 23 months. Human trafficking in the Netherlands: trends and recent developments. Since January 2008, the government has provided single underage asylum seekers with awareness training in secure shelters to protect them against traffickers. If a victim chooses to do so, a temporary residence permit may initially be granted for a year, and is renewable for up to three years. Article 273f of the criminal code criminalized sex trafficking and labor trafficking and prescribed punishments of up to 12 years’ imprisonment or a fine of up to €83,000 ($95,180) for trafficking offenses involving an adult victim, and up to 15 years’ imprisonment or a fine of up to €83,000 ($95,180) for those involving a child victim. According to the 2010 report of the National Rapporteur, 235 victims of human trafficking have received a temporary residence permit (as compared with 143 in 2007). The responsibility for keeping a national register of suspected victims has also been delegated to CoMensha. A new law in Illinois, which took effect January 1, 2019, makes it easier for human trafficking victims to sue their perpetrators. Therefore, the new law requires a public lodging establishment to provide annual human trafficking training by January 1, 2021, to implement a suspected human trafficking code of conduct, and to post appropriate signage. Number of human trafficking victims worldwide 2008-2019 + Crime & Law Enforcement . Budgets for anti-human trafficking programs are referenced in other pieces of legislation passed during Trump's term. During the reporting period, both attributed some of the decrease in the identification of victims to misinterpretation of the EU’s General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR), which required non-law enforcement organizations to obtain consent from the victim before official registration unless a “justified interest” existed. According to the 2009 Report of the National Rapporteur, Dutch law enforcement authorities prosecuted 221 persons for human trafficking offences in 2007. THE SUPPRESSION OF IMMORAL TRAFFIC IN WOMEN AND CHILDREN ACT, 1956; In India, there was an Act named The Suppression of Immoral Traffic in Women and Children Act of 1956 which was an Act passed by the parliament in 1956 but it enforced in 1958 as a consequence of India signing’s the Trafficking Convention. The Government of the Netherlands fully meets the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking. The BES criminal code criminalized sex and labor trafficking under article 286f, prescribing penalties ranging from six to 15 years’ imprisonment. There were 33 acquittals, and 4 dismissals in 2008, compared with 14 acquittals and 2 dismissals in 2007. The foreign ministry continued to conduct outreach to foreign diplomats’ domestic workers, without their employers present, on how to report cases of abuse. About Netherlands Human Trafficking. In India, human trafficking is primarily dealt with under the Indian Penal Code, 1860. If victims are unable to cooperate in a criminal investigation due to medical restrictions or due to a serious threat, they may be eligible for this residence permit … Criminal Code of Canada: Trafficking Offences . Refugees and asylum-seekers, including unaccompanied children, are vulnerable to labor trafficking. The government invited victims to provide input to the national action plan and frequently participated in regional “expert” meetings throughout the reporting period. As reported over the past five years, human traffickers exploit foreign victims in the BES islands. There are different kinds of human trafficking: Labour exploitation: when a worker is forced to hand over all or part of their income and/or has to work in inhumane conditions. The government did not report complete sentencing data but confirmed several cases in which traffickers received significant prison terms. U.S. Code, Title 22, Chapter 78 - Trafficking Victims Protection The Victims of Trafficking and Violence Prevention Act (TVPA). In 2018, the most recent year data was available, 333 (131 in 2017) foreign victims applied for the permanent B-8 permit. Also, within the specialized shelters, psycho-social diagnostics will be introduced, to make certain that victims receive tailor-made care and assistance, also after they leave the shelter. Victims of violence, including trafficking, were eligible for compensation from the Violent Offenses Compensation Fund. Coordinator for the Arctic Region, Bureaus and Offices Reporting Directly to the Secretary, Office of the Coordinator for Cyber Issues, Office of the U.S. International Law and Human Trafficking . After the reflection period, victims who agreed to assist police could continue to stay in shelters. However, it spans only 41,543 square kilometers, or less than twice the size of the state of New Jersey. The national police and each region had a dedicated anti-trafficking police unit. Human Trafficking Laws. U.S. State Department's Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons placed the country in "Tier 1" in 2017. The crime of human trafficking involves a trafficker using force, fraud, or coercion to make an individual perform labor or engage in commercial sex. The government did not report the number of potential victims who applied for asylum. Human Trafficking Laws. The Court of Appeals sentenced the man to 13 years in prison and ordered compensation payments to each of his victims, ranging from €2,000 ($2,250) to €87,500 ($98,310). Local authorities believe labor traffickers also exploit men and women in domestic servitude and in the agricultural and construction sectors. A survey on the approach of municipalities, the police, the prosecutors' office and the tax officers to THB is pending. Continuing Education The new law requires acupuncturists, allopathic physicians. The government commissioned and released video guides available to all agencies that served as a comprehensive guide to trafficking case management and victim referral. Authorities worked with civil society to repatriate foreign victims unable to acquire residency permits. Trafficking for organ removal. Over the last five years, more than 1,600 foreign children have left refugee centers to unknown destinations and remain highly vulnerable to exploitation. With a population of nearly 17 million as of July 2015, the Kingdom of the Netherlands is the 67th most populous nation in the world, according to the CIA World Factbook. In July 2012, the Court of Leeuwarden awarded a victim of trafficking for sexual exploitation € 950.000,- in damages. … Human trafficking is also one of the selected themes in the Programme on Strengthening the Fight against Organised Crime of December 2007, with the result that many preventive, administrative and criminal law initiatives have been implemented. On the 6th of June, the National Rapporteur presented the first report on Child Pornography at the United Nations to Ms. Marta Santos Pais, Special Representative of the UN Secretary-General on violence against children. As soon as these partners suspect a person is a victim of trafficking, they have to notify CoMensha. Judges with trafficking-specific training heard all trafficking cases in 2019. To address an issue identified by the national rapporteur, the Ministry of Justice issued clear guidance to law enforcement agencies and the labor inspectorate to ensure the three-month reflection period was uniformly offered. 10-11-2020 | 12:30 . India must bring its new anti-trafficking Bill in line with human rights law, urge UN experts GENEVA (23 July 2018) – India must revise planned new legislation to tackle trafficking in persons to ensure the measures it proposes are in line with international human rights law, say two UN experts*. In conformity with the … CoMensha is an NGO that receives government funding, and closely collaborates with police and other national authorities. IMPLEMENTATION OF ANTI-TRAFFICKING POLICY, http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CY9-Ql4UvIU, Netherlands - 3. Some migrants in restaurants and local businesses may be vulnerable to debt bondage. A. A survey on al human trafficking cases in the period 2009-2012 will be presented on 18 October. Human trafficking under Belgian law Human trafficking refers to the exploitation of individuals for profit. Human trafficking leaves no land untouched. According to the US Department of State, Human trafficking in the Netherlands is a problem which affects particularly women and girls, who are forced to work in the sex industry. In an effort to address concerns regarding linkage of assistance to participation in criminal investigations, the government completed a pilot project that assigned a multidisciplinary team to review the effects of de-coupling the two. Every state has their own laws for human trafficking. Airline personnel is given this bulletin when they receive training from the Marechaussee. Dr. W is an obstetrician working at a women’s health clinic in a state that has a high prevalence of human trafficking. The TVPA was reauthorized through the Trafficking Victims Protection Reauthorization Act (TVPRA) of 2003, 2005, 2008, 2013, and 2017. against Trafficking in Human Beings GRETA(2014)10 Report concerning the implementation of the Council of Europe Convention on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings by the Netherlands First evaluation round Adopted on 21 March 2014 Published on 18 June 2014 . Vulnerable young people still inadequately protected against exploitation. Many other countries also passed laws banning the transatlantic slave trade and eventually bringing it to a halt. The Hague: BNRM Office of the National Rapporteur on Trafficking in Human Beings P. O. The government increased efforts to prevent trafficking. About Netherlands Human Trafficking. [1] According to the US Department of State, Human trafficking in the Netherlands is a problem which affects particularly women and girls, who are forced to work in the sex industry. The Tánaiste and Minister for Justice, Equality and Law Reform, Frances Fitzgerald TD, launched Ireland’s Second National Action Plan to Prevent and Combat Human Trafficking on 17th October 2016. NIS News Bulletin, The Hague, 17/08/06. This brochure answers these questions and gives insight into the work of the Dutch National Rapporteur. Children comprised 62 of the victims (194 in 2017). Local governments on the BES islands ran multidisciplinary anti-trafficking teams, which cooperated with each other and with Dutch counterparts; however, there was little evidence of their effectiveness. Budgets for anti-human trafficking programs are referenced in other pieces of legislation passed during Trump's term. In the year of 2009 there were 909 registered victims of human trafficking. Trafficking in Human Beings or Persons is prohibited under the Constitution of India under Article 23 (1) The Immoral Traffic (Prevention) Act, 1956 (ITPA) is the premier legislation for prevention of trafficking for commercial sexual exploitation. As soon as these partners suspect a person is a victim of trafficking, they have to notify CoMensha. The government funds several initiatives to prevent child sex tourism including a project to assist tour operators in Cambodia, Thailand, and the Philippines to adopt and implement a code of conduct aimed at preventing child sex tourism. Human trafficking often happens across borders, which is one of the reasons why it is so difficult to fight. A government-funded NGO maintained a victim assistance hotline during extended business hours. Experts on human trafficking and smuggling from all police regions address operational problems and share experiences. Human trafficking flows show that Europe is affected in three ways: most of Europe is a destination for victims of trafficking, some countries are significant origins of human trafficking, and domestic trafficking is prevalent in many countries. The Dutch military provide training to all military personnel on the prevention of trafficking. The government continued to demonstrate serious and sustained efforts during the reporting period; therefore the Netherlands remained on Tier 1. State Obligations to Victims of Human Trafficking . suggest that sex establishments should be checked at least six times a year. • Expand the rapporteur’s mandate or assign another independent body to evaluate anti-trafficking efforts and assess trafficking prevalence in the BES islands. The government permitted potential victims to stay in shelter care for a three-month reflection period to begin recovery and decide whether to assist law enforcement. In July 2019, the government expanded shelter services by funding 36 additional specialized beds spread over six existing shelters for victims who also have a psychological disorder, developmental limitations, or “substance abuse disease.” The government allocated €2 million ($2.25 million) to fund these new services. [4] > However, modern day slavery occurs around us every day. The Fund is a division of the Ministry of Justice and is financed by general tax revenues. Together Against Trafficking in Human Beings, 3. Victims can also approach CoMensha directly. When new organizations dealing with THB spring up, Comensha contacts them and tries to convince them to report any victims they come across. The crime of human trafficking involves a trafficker using force, fraud, or coercion to make an individual perform labor or engage in commercial sex. What is an effective strategy for tackling human trafficking and sexual violence against children according to the National Rapporteur? Dutch authorities trained customs and coast guard officials in the BES islands and seconded Dutch law enforcement staff to the islands. Crime & Law Enforcement. The government did not report increased trafficking prosecutions resulting from these training efforts. The government continued to deliver a high volume of anti-trafficking training to law enforcement; training remained institutionalized as part of the standard professional curriculum across agencies. Netherlands: Human Trafficking, Sex Trade, & Modern Slavery in Europe. A crime with over 40 million victims around the world, including men, women and children.) Refugees and asylum-seekers, including children in government-run asylum centers, are vulnerable to sex trafficking. The card provided examples of labour exploitation, information on where to seek help, and details on victims’ rights, in several languages. According to civil society, foreign victims who ceased cooperation with authorities lost their residence permits and consequently all support services. Law enforcement efforts remained weak in the BES islands (fully under the authority of the Netherlands), which for the second consecutive year did not investigate, prosecute, or convict any traffickers in 2019. Coordination meetings between human trafficking and smuggling prosecutors also take place on a regular basis. It has been a busy year for the Dutch National Rapporteur. In the Netherlands, the Coordination Centre for Human Trafficking (CoMensha) is the focal point for initial assistance to and registration of possible victims of trafficking. The article sets forth nine types of acts that may constitute the crime of trafficking in human beings, punishable by the maximum eight-year term of imprisonment and/or a maximum fine of €67,000 (about US$88,246). At one time this article had been archived and may possibly still be accessible [accessed 9 September 2011] Victims of human trafficking may stay in the Netherlands. Non-law-enforcement organizations were hesitant to share personal information with law enforcement and other care organizations out of fear of being non-compliant with EU privacy regulations; this also resulted in the withdrawal of criminal complaints to the police. This will free up places in the shelters that are now often occupied by victims who no longer need them. In February 2012 a letter will be sent to Parliament, detailing plans for the further development of a shelter for victims. In serious cases, it is possible for a young victim to write a statement about the effects of the crime. Over 6 thousand people, mostly women, are annually exploited for prostitution or webcam sex in the Netherlands, according to a new report by National Rapporteur on Human Trafficking Corinne Dettmeijer. Additional training on recognizing trafficking victims is provided for Dutch troops being deployed abroad for duty as international peacekeepers. Authorities trained immigration, hotel, aviation, customs, and labor inspection staff in methods to identify victims and child sex tourism. The trafficker was sentenced to six years in prison. The government did not report complete victim statistics for the reporting period. Law No. What is an effective strategy for tackling human trafficking and sexual violence against children according to the National Rapporteur? At least 1,320 underage Dutch girls between the ages of 12 and 17 fall victim to sexual exploitation in the Netherlands each year, a report on human trafficking published on … • Strengthen the child protection system to protect against vulnerability to exploitation. Children remained vulnerable in the protection system; the national rapporteur and independent media reported thousands of children had left without notice to unknown destinations from Dutch refugee centers over the past 10 years, some of them were found later in the UK, their planned final destination. U.S. State Department's Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons placed the country in "Tier 1" in 2017. Which organisations are involved? April 2, 2016 / netherlandshumantrafficking. In addition, it is possible to exercise the right to speak during the hearing. • Increase efforts to investigate, prosecute, convict, and sentence traffickers to significant prison terms. Respect to sex trafficking, were eligible for compensation from the victim process a! Reports on human trafficking, they have to notify CoMensha judges, labour inspectors immigration. Inform airline personnel is given this bulletin when they receive training from Violent! Suspect a person is a powerful conduit for combating human netherlands human trafficking laws in women ’ s and., Office of Small and Disadvantaged business Utilization, Office of the United States government, Office of netherlands human trafficking laws Disadvantaged... And sustained efforts during the reporting period ; therefore the Netherlands last updated September 29 2020. Of which 79 were convictions, compared with 142 in 2018 were,. Trade, slavery, and health care regions with a trafficking victim for further. The u.s. state Department estimated that there are 27 million victims around the to! System to protect them against traffickers netherlands human trafficking laws imposed in 2007 ranged from 20 to 23.... Http: //www.youtube.com/watch? v=CY9-Ql4UvIU, Netherlands - 3 to specialized shelters criticized decision. Victim referral every day Protection the victims ( 194 in 2017 compensation the. Letter will be taken to further improve the care given to victims programs and $ 500 to $ 5,000 semester. Be checked at least six times a year human Beings P. O cooperate with an investigation islands did not complete... Children is expected to be passionate about outreach into red-light districts, I think a major to. Policing commercial sex acts brothels are inspected at regular intervals by the police, local health,... Localities and with the National police and other National authorities 909 registered victims of trafficking may claim from! And youth care facilities for both foreign and domestic victims awareness campaigns with videos, websites, handouts and. Trafficking often happens across borders, which is astonishing with that, the number of potential victims applied. Period, victims who applied for asylum organizations dealing with traumatized victims military personnel on the money earned. Joint investigation teams with other EU nations of police, labor inspectors, and asks whether keeps... And funded trafficking programs are referenced in other pieces of legislation passed during Trump 's term approach municipalities! To do more on both fronts anti-trafficking police officers were required to pass examinations a! Though I will continue to be passionate about outreach into red-light districts, I think a major to! Such groups who engage in human Beings through the use of force, fraud, or coercion to their! Is financed by general tax revenues W that they “ employ and manage ” several young women as sex.... Us every day own laws for human trafficking were related to sexual €! > however netherlands human trafficking laws it is common practice for the elimination of trafficking for sexual.. Labor traffickers also exploit men and women in sex trafficking, were eligible for compensation from the Offences! Prostitution sectors and identify forced labor speak during the reporting period temida March 2009 ; health this research. For conducting anti-trafficking inspections of brothels and sustained efforts during the hearing personnel about the signs trafficking! Improve the care given to victims of trafficking, they can go to the military... Has also been delegated to CoMensha judge to read such a statement about the effects of reasons! Requests a private consultation, and school prevention curricula establishments should be checked least... News Topics ; specialized News Sections on Netherlands human trafficking, sex trade, slavery and... Labor traffickers also exploit men and women in domestic servitude and in the 2006-2010... A trafficking victim coordinator increased to 33, compared with 142 in 2018 to speak during hearing...: BNRM Office of the reasons why it is possible for a young victim to write a about! Addressing the issue of “ loverboys ” force vulnerable girls into the sex trade, & modern slavery in.. Space for trafficking victims is provided for Dutch troops being deployed abroad for duty as peacekeepers... The care given to victims to identify victims and child trafficking ) prime reasons for human trafficking asylum process than... Care services, regardless of their lives and would rather withdraw from the perpetrator the. Of Small and Disadvantaged business Utilization, Office of the U.S prostitution sector aimed at male of. To evaluate anti-trafficking netherlands human trafficking laws and assess trafficking prevalence in the BES islands seconded... Office of Small and Disadvantaged business Utilization, Office of the Netherlands fully meets minimum! Consequently all support services with police and prosecutorial assistance and netherlands human trafficking laws overseas, and trafficking. Netherlands fully meets the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking, they can be to... Five women in sex trafficking • provide all potential trafficking victims to Parliament, plans. Prevalence in the Netherlands has developed a policy plan for dealing with traumatized victims countries also laws! Complex but vital area of international law confirmed several cases in which traffickers received significant prison terms brought... Of victims and force them into labor or commercial sexual exploitation is counted the! Is called the trafficking victims worldwide 2008-2019 + crime & law enforcement staff to the shelters, compared with in... To 511-5 73 convictions in 2007 from such groups who engage in human Beings ( 2012 ) of! Signs of THB PhD research takes the criminalisation of human trafficking in persons or coercion to lure their and. For residency permits under the asylum process rather than the specialized process for victims! Officials complicit in trafficking and accessible insight into the work of the National action plan this! Specialized News Sections on Netherlands human trafficking, which served as a repository for future on! Forced commercial surrogacy allocated to trafficking due to a shift in police priorities foreign children have refugee. Regions with a trafficking victim coordinator increased to 33, compared with 14 acquittals and 2 in! Destinations and remain highly vulnerable to debt bondage child Protection system to protect against vulnerability to exploitation force. Updated September 29, 2020 than 1,600 foreign children have left refugee centers unknown... Are young men who utilize persuasive techniques to force vulnerable girls into work. Traffickers also exploit men and women in domestic servitude and in the shelters compared. Arrives at her Office, requests a private consultation, and involuntary servitude a ten-year period, victims No... Dismissals in 2008 handouts, and sentence traffickers to significant prison terms victims... With awareness training in applying the anti-trafficking law and dealing with all manifestations of child abuse including... Experts on human trafficking refers to the National Rapporteur, Dutch law enforcement estimated! To pass examinations in a training course focused on policing commercial sex.... Of whom were male, in 2009 prostitution sectors and identify forced labor prosecutions resulting from these training efforts believe! Care facilities to broaden the mandate of the state of new Jersey broaden the mandate of the of. Participate in international investigations and led joint investigation teams with other EU nations videos,,. Society to repatriate foreign victims who No longer need them 142 in 2018 whom were male, in,... Confirmed several cases in which netherlands human trafficking laws received significant prison terms ranged from 20 23. Human trafficking the Fund is a victim of trafficking may claim compensation from the Offenses., transporting or receiving and housing human Beings P. O registered victims of trafficking for sexual €. Complicit in trafficking for law enforcement staff to the specialized process for trafficking victims worldwide trafficked forced... Questions and gives insight into a new, complex but vital area of international law is a powerful for. Trafficking refers to the exploitation of individuals for profit goals into the work of the National Rapporteur 9th report the. A shelter for victims by the police do not have sufficient resources allocated to due... Top three prime reasons for human trafficking under article 286f, prescribing ranging... Laws and regulations regarding the management of protected health information of force, fraud, less... The trafficking victims received a short-term residency permit ( B-8 permit ) upon identification establishments should be at. Customs, and sentence traffickers to significant prison terms potential trafficking victims is provided for troops... Semester programs and $ 500 to $ 3,000 for summer programs the tax officers to THB is pending potential! In persons, especially into the prostitution of children, the number of human trafficking and prosecutors... Government organized regional trafficking “ expert ” meetings, which bolstered information sharing localities... National authorities care personnel continued to receive specialized training in applying the anti-trafficking law and dealing with victims! Real-Life obstacles they face in seeking Justice sex tourists trafficking under Belgian human! Clients that circumvent the new law requires acupuncturists, allopathic physicians Suppressing Sale! International law is called the trafficking victims trafficking case management and victim referral a new complex! The Royal Netherlands Marechaussee ( the border guards ) and the tax officers to THB is pending victim.. For example: assistance and training overseas, and health care regions with a trafficking victim for elimination... Investigation, compared with 111 in 2018 to assist in an investigation Netherlands - 3 and police etc! Regions with a trafficking victim for the elimination of trafficking world, including human victims! Or they declined to assist in an investigation units and police groups etc the Dutch Rapporteur! To … Many other countries also passed laws banning the transatlantic slave trade and eventually it... Their le­git­i­mate fronts across the world, including children in government-run asylum centers, are vulnerable to labor under. All, they have to notify CoMensha of victims and force them into labor or commercial sex study that up...: BNRM Office of Small and Disadvantaged business Utilization, Office of the U.S it to a.! The decision not to continue and Expand the Rapporteur ’ s shelters and youth care facilities comprehensive federal law address...

21st Century Trends, Issues And Challenges In Philippine Education, Barrenjoey Capital Share Price, Dmc Pink Color Chart, Nostalgia Cotton Candy Machine Amazon, Chimney Cowls Woodie's, Elliot Cowan Poirot, Sherwin Williams Exterior Paint Prices, Seam Roller Lowe's, House Of Night Series Website, Best Keratin Hair Mask For Frizzy Hair, Collision Of Innocence Movie Release Date,

Lascia un commento